St. Andrew (St Andrew) is the patron saint of Scotland, is also the patron saint of Greece, Russia and Romania. As St. Peter's brothers and one of the original apostles, Andrew is said to be in Patras, Greece (Patras) was killed, and his request to the Roman authorities sentenced him to death, do not let him posture and Jesus on the cross crucified. His request was approved, he is ultimately in the X-shaped cross (Saltire or X-shaped cross) was executed, so the X-shaped cross and later became his symbol.
Scotland's national flag is blue and white Saltire flag (ie × pattern on a colored background) This cross shape is derived from the Saints: St. Andrew's, Scotland, was crucified on the cross. The contact between the
St. Andrew and Scotland
, St. Andrew and Scotland originated from the two legends. One said that the relics of the saints in the 4th century by St. the ‧ Regulus (St Regulus) from Patras (Patras) brought Fife's Kinrymont, and later his ship on the East Coast Shen destroyed. After, Kinrymont church became St. Andrew's Cathedral, and gradually developed into an important center of the medieval pilgrimage. Another version is achieved victory in the war in Athelstaneford X-shaped cross appeared in the sky graphics in the 9th century, the Pictish king Angus mac Fergus St. Andrew's regarded as the patron saint. the Saints
of information probably start to become Scotland's patron saint from the year 1000 onwards. In 1286, the Scottish guards the front of the seal with a nail in the X-shaped cross of St. Andrew pattern, as well as the Latin inscription Andrea Scotis Dux Eesto Compatriotis C "St. Andrew's is the leader of all Scottish compatriots". In 1390, during the reign of Robert III, St. Andrew's for the first time as a national symbol is engraved on the coins of five shillings.
St. Andrew's Day, November 30 of each year, but not a public holiday in Scotland.
edit the history and legends According to historical records, the AD 832 Athelstaneford near the battle, the battle spurred the start of the Saltire flag as the national flag of Scotland. Alba King Angus Mike Fergus (Angus mac Fergus) led the Picts and Scottish coalition forces invaded the Northumbrian territory Lothian. In this battle, the army of Angus, Anglo Saxons army surrounded and facing the risk of failure, but unfortunately the Chinese king let the monks pray for the divine. Soon see the blue sky as the Saltire scene when Angus, he believes that God will give him. So the king vowed, if St. Andrew to help him win, then on St. Andrew will be the patron saint of Scotland, and his Cross will become the national flag of Scotland. Angus really won Saltire flag also should be a Scottish flag.
regardless of whether it is the divine will, when the St. Andrew's Cross flag has been widely used in the 14th century, however do is not fixed with blue background. In fact, to the 16th century, the blue background and white cross of St. Andrew's Cross flag before the final shape. Throughout the 17th century, especially in the Army and Navy, the Saltire flag has been a symbol of the country, unified in the UK It is also added to the flag of the United Kingdom. By
Nevertheless, in 1707 Congress decided to abandon the use of the Saltire flag, and until the latter half of the 20th century, it was only re-use. Now again become a statutory national flag of Scotland, all Scottish teams in international competitions use it on the flagpole in front of the majority of public buildings flying the flag, sometimes alone, hanging, sometimes jointly with the United Kingdom flag flying . Simple design, many private and public organizations as the elements of the corporate identity. Saltire Blue "
edit this paragraph, the official" 2003, Scottish officials provisions of the colors of the flag pole, and clear blue Saltire specific tone. Since then, the blue requires white St. Andrew's cross against the background of its international color standards system Pantone300 prevail. Nevertheless, the standard is still non-mandatory requirements, the the Saltire flag can continue as a background in a variety of colors. 1997
edit this paragraph Saltire Memorial in Athelstaneford church next to a small building repaired Memorial Centre opened a Saltire flag, where people can learn more knowledge about the Saltire flag, even from a short audio-visual clips to understand its origins. This Memorial Centre in April to September every day ten o'clock in the afternoon five o'clock in open to visitors free of charge. Memorial since it opened in 1965 and to have been encouraging people to visit. Saltire flag never fluttered in the breeze over the museum, even at night, it will be flying to continue in the light.