2014年6月24日星期二

Railway hub

railway hub, the railway line at the intersection or junction line with other traffic, the technical equipment of the railway station, the contact line and out of the station lines railway complex. The railway hub functionality to the railway line to communicate with each other, smooth convergence with other modes of transportation. Its main job Organization to train to the hair and through distribution and transit of passengers and cargo, vehicle adaptation and cargo carriers and facelift items. Railway hub usually has a marshalling yard, passenger and freight stations, sometimes by a station for a variety of jobs. Links to the contact line between the stations, the introduction of the station out of the station line within the project scope. China's four major rail hub as Beijing, Shanghai, Wuhan, Guangzhou.

railway hub is an integral part of the railway network. At the meeting point of the railway network or terminal areas, the overall composition of various railway lines, professional station, as well as other services for transport-related equipment, referred to as a rail hub. several railway trunk

functions of interrelated and cross several tracks diverge, leading to various professional station, this station and overall equipment like marshalling yard, utility freight station, bus terminal, called the railway hub. Railway hub is gradually formed by the railway construction and urban and industrial development for various reasons. Railway hub for the development of industrial and agricultural production, the city and the building of national defense, as well as a variety of means of transport between the division of labor and collaboration, there is a close relationship. Railway hub effect? It has played the role of the circulation of a passenger and cargo transit railway transported to various standards. In railway operation, it is like a big intersection - or vice versa through, and suburban passenger train into the tube each track to your destination; cargo operations, it is like a factory, open to all directions truck time. The place of the disintegration and marshalling the regrouping of various trains running figure stipulated time punctuality sent to their respective destinations.

railway hub railway transported to various standards from a railway transit area of ​​passenger and cargo flow, and also the City of passengers and cargo to the hair and intermodal areas. Except about the job for the various stations of the hub, cargo operations between the direction of the various railway train without adaptation and adaptation of lane changing trains, the small running train operations and served as the hub for regional traffic exchange. In terms of passengers running through the tube and suburban passenger train operations. In the freight business, handling a variety of cargo carriage, loading and unloading, send, custody and other operations; Also, supply transport power, rolling stock overhaul job. Railway hub for the development of industrial and agricultural production, the city and the building of national defense, as well as a variety of means of transport between the division of labor and collaboration, there is a close relationship. In order to complete the above complex and onerous task, the hub need to be equipped with a set of technical equipment, such as: the railway line - the introduction of the line, tie line, Link, an industrial enterprise lines; station - bus terminal, cargo terminal, marshalling yard, industrial Station, Harbour Station; ease equipment - the plane and Interchange ease of railway lines and railway lines, railway lines and urban roads, overpasses and crossings as well as lines are. Other equipment - locomotive depot, depots, buses preparedness are.

designed according to the overall plan for overall regional planning and urban planning, and rail hub, in the specific circumstances of the hub of the area's natural conditions and urban construction, the integrated design of the plane and the vertical section of the railway stations and railway lines. The complex is called by several collaboration in the railway network and the network end of the city, the station, the introduction of lines and tie lines railway hub. Only a section of the station or marshalling yard on the railway network, also known as the hub station.

railway hub is composed of the railway network, the basic unit is an important part of contact between the rail network and city. Rail transport, the production process, in addition to handle the passenger and freight business, train operation and technical operations of the station, the railway hub is to organize traffic flow exchange Beijing

, adjust the train and supply transport powered stronghold.

railway hub is gradually formed with the railway network and the development of urban construction and development. Different hub of a different nature and scale, the hub of various professional stations have different number, location and size, as well as a combination of technology and equipment. In order to meet the basic requirements of railway operations and urban construction, the hub for the planning and design must be based on a reasonable road network and traffic organization planning, comprehensive analysis of the nature and role of the hub in the road network, the number of passenger and freight transport, the nature and direction of ( traffic conditions), the introduction of the technical features of the line, the existing railway equipment, urban construction and the development of an integrated transport planning, the region's natural conditions and other factors, the design of the overall planning of the preparation of the railway hub with the General Plan.

facilities to adapt the work needs of passenger and freight transport and traffic organization in railway hub with all or part of the following facilities. ① freight facilities. Marshalling yard, freight station, interval introduced line, tie line and dedicated line. Facilities ② passenger. Bus Terminal, the square in front of the station house and station, buses station, travelers take down the. ③ to ensure traffic safety and by the ability of the facility. Adjustments to train stations and lines are run, the hub line stereo ease facilities, urban railway crossings and overpasses.

principle 1. ensure traffic safety and personal safety; (2) ensure the range line and hub internal passenger and cargo trains running line short Shun, smooth and flexible, and the hub line with the station's ability to coordinate; ③ reasonable hub traffic data layout station To take full advantage of the natural conditions and existing facilities, and strive to save the project investment, ease of operations, and to receive the maximum economic benefits in the technical and economic comparison; (4) with the urban construction and the development of an integrated transport planning, and provide convenient conditions for passenger and freight transport, minimize the hub city trains and station operating interference; ⑤ hub for phased construction, nearly, forward combination, staging works should be able to adapt to the development of the forward traffic conditions change, easy to make the necessary changes and adjustments.

arrangement of the early formation of the road network, urban scale is smaller, the hub traffic conditions and passenger and cargo business is relatively simple, the new line is introduced directly into the station standards should ensure that the main traffic direction the train out of the station does not change the running direction. Such a hub station is the hub of the total infrastructure, its phased adaptable. When the traffic growth, in order to strengthen through the ability and can not change the running direction by a train passing through the station and to shorten trains running mileage, should be constructed to bypass the line of contact of the hub in the general case, the formation of the hub total single structure . Contact line run trains shunt line within the hub, and important hub for the development of General Plan transition.

larger cities of a certain size for passenger and cargo volume, divided into the bus terminal and marshalling yard should be geared to urban planning and natural conditions, various hub total Figure: such as the arrangement of the bus terminal and marshalling yard along Route order said Shun column-style hub; each direction of Route point line in passenger and cargo traffic and city construction range is relatively concentrated, the introduction of professional station, passenger and freight trains shunt within the hub, a side-by-side hub; When the introduction of the line direction while scattered in all directions, can be built into the ring hub more exchange traffic. In the development of the road network, the factors of urban renovation, traffic conditions and natural conditions gradually evolved to form a hybrid hub. In the road network in the Big Harbour, a large industrial zone handling bulk cargo intermodal facelift hub of the city known as the hub of the network end.

often used in more complex railway hub layout style circular, semi-circular schema and hybrid schema. Circular, semi-circular hub Figure

style from all directions to the introduction of the railway line to communicate, via the Ring Road or semi-Ring rail link all directions, and the various stations arranged in the introduction of online or are available on the Ring Road, for the connection of industrial and mining enterprises and urban areas by the end of the line; the hybrid hub Schema arrangement is made by a simple hub combination. These two schema is often used in large cities or traffic rendezvous major railway hub. In simple hub arranged in a small railway hub often. The most basic is the one-stop hub schema, various railway directions to the introduction of a Union Station, but by capacity is very small; further enhance the ability arranged in a triangle, cis-past, side-by-side, cross-shaped layout style. China's major railway hub often arranged in a ring and hybrid schema, small and medium-sized hub cis-past one-stop arranged more.

railway hub is gradually formed by the new railway line

construction and urban and industrial development and other reasons and developed. Therefore, the hub of the region where the political and economic characteristics of the geography and road network, urban and industrial construction requirements of the transportation and production tasks it is assumed to have a close relationship.

hub layout pattern formation of more complex factors determine a reasonable layout type, must be based on the specific conditions of each hub. According to the characteristics of the professional stations and railway lines in the hub within the structure of the General Plan, combined with certain traffic conditions and forms the hub of the railway hub

type. the railway network,

when the need to build several professional station and connect the line of contact of these stations, pit stop lines and other equipment that form a triangle, cross, the Shun column style, side-by-side, the ring, the mixed-shaped and best Ended railway hub and so on.

edit this paragraph King railway hub in North China railway hub the Beijing railway hub

is the the links eight directions of the country's largest railway hub. Beijing eight major railway hub

wide, the Beijing-Shanghai, Beijing-Kowloon, Beijing-Shenyang, Beijing-Baotou, Beijing Tong Railway radially leading to the country, and international trains to North Korea, Mongolia and Russia. eight directions railway hub

Jingguang

Shijiazhuang Railway, Shijiazhuang-Taiyuan, Shijiazhuang-Dezhou Railway, Beijing-Guangzhou, too young high-speed rail in Shijiazhuang intersection radially leading to the country, is the second largest railway hub in North China.

Huazhong railway hub Zhengzhou railway hub in China's vast central plains region, in central China city Zhengzhou, criss-crossing a line connected to the size of the station, a large and complex railway hub, which is the famous the Zhengzhou railway hub, the National Comprehensive AC

largest high-speed railway hub in Asia - Zhengzhou East Railway Station (2) hub

pass. It is the Beijing-Guangzhou railway, the Longhai Railway two major railway artery, and the Beijing-Hong Kong high-speed rail (the world's longest high-speed rail line), high-speed rail, Xu Lan (Eurasia Bridge) two speed of 350 km of high-speed rail traffic artery intersection, is communication The north-south transportation hub coherent things, living in the important position of the center of the national road network, known as the China Railway heart said, has an important strategic position.

Shangqiu Railway hub railway hub, one of China's key construction Shangqiu located in the Beijing-Kowloon Railway, the national trunk railway junction of the Longhai Railway, Xu Lan's high-speed railway, suppliers Hangzhou high-speed railway, an important railway hub connected to our North and South, East and West its passenger traffic, cargo volume tops in the nation.

a major railway hub Wuhan station (38)

Wuhan railway hub for the transportation center of the Beijing-Guangzhou, Han-hsiang, Han 9 (Jiang), Yi Han Wu Hop railway and Yangtze River, Hanjiang River shipping the intersection of the three largest railway hub one, known as the "thoroughfare of nine provinces," said its land and sea transit intermodal characteristics. Wuhan railway hub for China's railway the four major pivot

railway hub Wuchang station (20)

The New York one bus overhaul base in one of the six passenger center and one of the four locomotives. By then, there will be the north-south Beijing-Guangzhou line, Beijing-Guangzhou Passenger Line, Wu nine lines, the of Han Dan lines and Huhanrong passenger corridor east and west, the intersection point of the national railway channel. Before and after 2011, from Wuhan to Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Chongqing and other cities are just 5-6 hours access to the central city of more than three hours. Wuhan railway hub depends upon the perfect station developed lines and busy traffic logistics the powerful railway hub system, and waterway transportation, along with Wuhan territory Highway, "vascular" smooth economic development of central China and strong " conveyor belt. "

Zhuzhou railway hub has a the National Ten road network marshalling yard, connecting three major railway lines of Beijing-Hong Kong Railway, Zhejiang-Jiangxi railway, Hunan-Guizhou Railway, Zhuzhou owned the double PL station, is to communicate the transportation hub of the East, South, Southwest and northern known as Northern Zhengzhou, South Zhuzhou reputation. The Zhuzhou main handle Jingguang, the disintegration of the arrival of the freight trains of the four directions of the the Shanghai Kun two major trunk the grouping starting all directions passenger trains through the job. Not only a large number of transit traffic through daily, and traffic generation and distribution of a large number of areas, the task is arduous, busy job. [1]

Changsha railway hub in Changsha, Zhuzhou and two new district center position. Changsha has a dual Principal station

high-speed rail hub -

Changsha South Station (11), and has Changsha North Station, West Station, two freight stations and marshalling yard, Shichang Railway, Beijing-Guangzhou railway trunk Principal Station Changsha Railway Station intersection , Shanan station, owners of high-speed rail, the Shanghai-Kunming passenger line, Beijing-Hong Kong Passenger Line, Yu Long Passenger Line intersection of various factors Changsha from ordinary hub upgrade to a high-speed rail hub city. [2]

East China railway hub Shanghai railway hub is the largest hub in the eastern coastal areas. The end of both the Beijing-Shanghai line and the Shanghai-Hangzhou line, is the center of China's ocean shipping and coastal and north-south routes, traffic and freight traffic.

Xuzhou railway hub for the intersection of Beijing-Shanghai Railway, Longhai Railway two railway lines the to communicate East China provinces across the country exchange of goods and lianyungang export goods transport road network hubs in the world. The 28.5 km long from east to west, north to south and 20 km.

South China railway hub in Guangzhou railway hub of water and land transportation center in southern China, the Beijing-Guangzhou, Guangzhou-Shenzhen Railway and the Pearl River shipping this confluence. Guangzhou Huangpu Port Outer Harbour after here and overseas travelers and import and export goods in circulation. the largest railway hub in the northwest region

northwest railway hub Xi'an railway hub, links the Longhai, Sai, Ningxi package West Hou West Ham copper and West households railway line, Northwest Territories passenger and cargo distribution center, and transit center as well as links to North China, East China, Central South region and the northwest and southwest provinces bond. Lanzhou railway hub of

Lanzhou station located in the Longhai Railway, Baotou-Lanzhou Railway, Lan-Xin Railway, Lanzhou-Qinghai railway junction of forward will be the starting point of the Lanzhou-Chongqing railway. Across the country from Lanzhou station originating the train bound for, Chinese traffic larger station. Lanzhou station under the Lanzhou Railway Bureau. the southwest railway hub of

Chengdu Railway is the largest railway hub in southwest China, the Baoji-Chengdu, Chengdu-Kunming, Chengdu-Chongqing, reached Shanghai and Chengdu, Xicheng, into the blue, into your Chuanqing, Sichuan-Tibet railway lines into sponge off special, the point of intersection of the Chengdu passenger dedicated major passenger and cargo distribution center and transit center for the southwest region of the most important railway transportation hub and six railway passenger hubs, Chengdu North Marshalling Southwest is the largest The railway marshalling yard. the

Chongqing railway hub Ministry of Railways, according to the development trend after Chongqing became a municipality, and become the new changes in the National the railway hub

urban and rural comprehensive reform pilot area in the adjustment of the national railway network and long-term planning "has been clearly put forward to Chongqing playing a new goal, to become the nation's fifth-largest railway hub of the largest railway hub in the west of Beijing-Guangzhou line. 2020 will have 10 railway lines are old Chengdu-Chongqing line after the main city of Chongqing, Yu intercity train line, the Lanzhou-Chongqing line, Xiangfan-Chongqing Railway, Chongqing line, Suiyu line the Yuhuai line Chongqing Lee line, Chongqing and Guizhou line, Yu Lu line, passenger traffic than they are now greatly increased. Which, in addition to old Chengdu-Chongqing line, other railway lines will be built double-track.

Guiyang railway hub Guiyang station southwest region connecting Hunan and Guizhou, Sichuan and Guizhou, Guiyang-Kunming, Guizhou-Guangxi four trunk passenger first-class station, an important transportation hub in Southwest China Railway. The station house with a total construction area of ​​20,852 square meters, like the wings of an eagle, soared the blue sky, under the jurisdiction of running four workshops, passenger, ticket, equipment and related field station and set by the company, a total of 557 cadres and workers. The average daily handle sending and receiving train 390 (including under the jurisdiction of four such stations shut Narita Station, Guiyang station daily average of 157), with a daily average of 20,000 to send passengers transportation revenue exceeded 700 million mark.

没有评论:

发表评论