2014年6月19日星期四

Produce

production is for human beings to engage in activities and processes, including the creation of social wealth of material wealth and spiritual wealth creation and human fertility. Also known as social production. Narrowly production activities and processes refers only to the creation of material wealth. the

[headword] production

production

[phonetic] shēng chǎn

[English translation] [Produce; of Yield; Manufacture; Bearing]

[basic interpretation]

1 with the tools to create a variety of subsistence and production

2 the born child

detailed explain the meaning of

1. use tools to create a variety of subsistence and production

factories are producing more silk than before.

2. to children

the body is so continuous production weakened.

source

1. Jew livelihoods.

"Records of the Historian, cargo colonization Biography:" I rule production, Utah Yi Yin, Shang of seeking Sunwu military forces, Shang Yang line method also. "" Northern History · Sima Chu's biography ":" American sexual cleared about, non-productive. Qing Pu Songling "Strange Shen's": "Shen expelled, laugh drag while the return of, with the real divisions, the wife is hi. since Mou production, the said factors closure Yan." see "livelihood".

2. the property; industry.

Ming Tao Zongyi cease cultivation recorded · Imperial Seal ":" Taishi King of Sun saying Finders tasted official sub-prefect through the Executive Yuan things Jinji dead men, and the production lost, household embarrassed pole. "Ming Zhao Yuan" the Yuan Ji Yuan Stone House constitution Vice ":" Alas! Stone House (Yuan may Ritsuko) only ten times the ancients. while yo generosity, non-productive. Qing Huang Zongxi Cangshui Zhang public epitaph: "public immature quite relaxation and uninhibited, Bo Tu tour. no subordinated Bo into private denounced the selling of its production. "

3. produced.

Don Huangfu On Jin Feng book ":" and any of the soil of the tribute, the production often fulfill acres of closing, and other membership established, people know the officials to make life difficult for rape. "

4 refers to the creation of material or spiritual wealth. mountains "in

Guo Xiaochuan poem:" I love to speak in the excitement of meeting, is also capable of producing a poem in a noisy crowd. "

5 especially people using the tool to create productive, subsistence activities. Shanghai morning

Erfu third part twenty-eight: "production to the hot and sour soup, he is the director can not be responsible for this?" Xu silver vegetarian "erhu storm:" I want to go back to sleep, but also tomorrow production. "

6. fertility.

"Three Kingdoms Wu Zhi Luo President Biography": "they smell civil society, non-resident at the small self-powered production son, and more can not afford to raise; Mita poor, resembles abandon the sub." Song Wushu "JAC different people recorded · Mr. Geng ":" Mr. pregnant the day, called on the saying: 'concubine eve when production God Sunsheng Zi Cheng in this ear thing, please prepare production.' "Ming Feng Meng Eastern Zhou Zhi fifty-seventh back : "Tuan Gu is day and night people probe server Ji Zhuang production news." said Yue Fei second back: "but I do not know this Anren, producing only three days, is imaginary." Ba Jin "home" three six: "Rui Jue production day is near."

7 refers to the birth.

"ancient and modern novels · Lin'an money woman to stay fortune": "Moreover elegant production, multi-singular trillion, anti is auspicious, is also unknown."

edit this paragraph economic terms and concepts of production refers to the process of creation of material wealth. The production

"economics": the inputs into outputs activity, or combination of factors of production activities in order to manufacture products production

.

main factors of production:

(1) labor. Including a variety of the nature of the work, such as electricians, secretaries, doctors provide labor.

(2) land. Including all natural resources above and below ground, such as minerals and trees.

(3) capital. Means being produced in the production process, and is used for the further generation of items, i.e. all artificial inputs. Machine tools (people are made out of, but also to be used for further production).

Production Management defined: the production of all social organizations will process its input into output.

meaning for human beings to engage in activities and processes, including the creation of social wealth of material wealth and spiritual wealth creation and human fertility. Also known as social production. Production in the narrow sense refers only to the activity and the process of creation of material wealth.

production area is divided into: (1) material production necessary to meet people, clothing, food, housing, row; ② the continuation of human generations own production, that is, the reproduction of the race; ③ meet the spirit of the cultural life of the people necessary production ( see material production with the spirit of the production). In Volume 1, Chapter 1 of the German Ideology, Marx and Engels, these three production are referred to as "the production of their own lives", "production" of the lives of others, "production of thoughts, ideas, awareness. The animals do not carry out the production of material goods, it is only the use of external nature, simply to change their existence in nature; nor the spirit of the production. Humans must change nature through labor, material information needed to create their own lives. Man is the only material and spiritual production. Race multiply as natural behavior is common to humans and animals, but the proliferation of human social life organization in the form [1].

type production type is divided into categories according to the different characteristics of the production process. Depending on the criteria for the classification, can be divided into different types of production.

(1) according to the production plan by source-to-order production and stocking production can be divided into. Ordering production is based on user-specific ordering requirements, began to organize production, such as shipbuilding, construction, etc.. Stocking-type production is based on the forecast of the market requirements, planned production. Stocking-type products for standard products or styling products, such as TV, small machine tools, motors, etc..

(2) continuous attainment of the production can be divided into continuous production and intermittent production. Continuous production of the product, process and use of production equipment are fixed, standardized processes between the not-in-progress storage. Such as oil field production operations. The discontinuous production is input the various elements of the production process into intermittent. For example, machine tool manufacturing, locomotive manufacturing.

(3) the degree of specialization of the product and workplace division, can be divided into mass production, batch production and single piece production. Batch size, they can be divided into a large number of mass-produced type in batches and small batch production. Collectively referred to as due to a large number and a large number of production characteristics similar habits or mass production; single piece and small batch production characteristics similar habit, collectively referred to as a single piece of small-batch production.

normal circumstances, a large number of single varieties of the mass production of products, the yield of each species, the high degree of specialization of work places (generally take 1-2 steps), thus production stable, high-efficiency, low-cost management of and simple. But there are also a large investment (with special fixtures and special machinery and equipment), poor adaptability and flexibility of poor characteristics. Focused mainly on the production management of a large number of a large number of good line balancing, material management, quality control, and equipment maintenance and other work. Single and small batch production and product variety range of low production of duplication of the low degree of specialization of work places (generally bear more than 40 processes), and thus low utilization of production capacity, production stability, low efficiency, high cost and complexity of management work. Single and small batch production management is mainly good job preparation, job assignment, job scheduling and schedule adjustments work to solve the bottleneck of production, in order to shorten the production cycle. By reducing the parts change and improve the production system flexible to achieve the purpose of shortening the production cycle. In batch characteristics between (generally bear above between 2-40 entry process). In batch management focus is reasonable arrangements for bulk, good quality control and cost control.

process of tissue production process dividing

production process refers to enterprises from investment in raw materials to start the whole process of product output.

This process usually can be divided into: the

(1) the process, i.e. direct process of changing the nature of the object of labor, shape, size, etc., it is the most basic part of the production process.

(2) inspection process, it is a necessary part of the products formed inspection does not create value, and had to spend the cost of the inspection process as little as possible.

(3) transport process, that is the object of labor from a process down step transfer process.

(4) natural process in the forces of nature under its own nature. Such as the fermentation process of winemaking.

(5) processing to wait for the process, the next activity can not be carried out continuously to stay and wait for the occurrence.

2, rational organization of the production process the requirements

rational organization of the production process basic requirements include:

(1) the continuity of the production process, ie the products in the production process in a continuous state of the time, did not have time intermittent;

(2) production the proportion of the process, each stage of the production process, each link in the production capacity remain proportional development in order to achieve the optimal allocation of resources;

(3) the production process of the equilibrium, stability refers to the rate of production in all sectors of production and the relatively stable level of the work load;

(4) the adaptability of the production process, refers to the production to adapt to changes in the market to adjust the production capacity; parallel to

(5) of the production process, i.e. the object to be processed in the production process to achieve a parallel cross-operation .

3, the principles of the organization of the production process

can follow the process specialization and the object specialization and the principle of mixed to organize the production process. Craft specialization refers to the nature of the production process to divide the production units, arranged the workshop. Craft specialization within the production unit, with the same type of equipment, the same types of workers to take the same process for processing. Such as grinding, assembly, heat treatment. The principles of this organization is very common in the service sector, such as hospitals have surgery, obstetrics, pediatrics, emergency department. Object specialization by product (parts or components) arranged the workshop, the organization of production. In the object specialization within the production unit, with a variety of equipment and the corresponding types of workers. Such as gear, engine and chassis. Project management is a typical example of the production of objects specialized organizations. The mixing principle combines the characteristics of the process of specialization and the object specialization. dialectical relationship of material

concept of production, the spirit of the production, people's own production of the three interrelated, mutual restraint. The material production other two production the production

the plays a decisive role on the spirit of the production and the people's own production. Determine the nature and content of the spirit of the production of material production, restricting the structure and nature of the person's own production of forms of social organization. The existence of personal life is the first premise of human history, in this sense, the Master's own production is the basis of the production of material and spiritual production, no own production of the other two production can not be sustained. The spirit of the production of material production and human production also has significant counterproductive impact on the development of the other two production. Is intrinsically linked to the three production must be coordinated in order to smooth development.

agricultural production agricultural basic production sectors of the national economy, which is the foundation of the national economy. Agricultural production and closely related to human life, for human beings to eat, wear, use of material, to ensure the lives of people of the society as a whole needs. The development of other sectors of the industrial, commercial, and transportation, as a basis for the continuous development of the agricultural production. Mankind is led by agriculture and other production activities and the environment, natural resources, a relationship that only scientific agricultural activities, in order to ultimately obtain the best economic, social and environmental benefits.

agricultural production is the natural productivity of the human use of land, cultivated plants or feeding animals, to obtain the desired product.

both the growth of the plants (wheat), or the growth of cattle and sheep, require the input of light, heat, water, topography, soil and other natural conditions, need to put into the labor force, in order to obtain the output; To promote output would need to invest more production information; additional input of science and technology will further improve agricultural output, and advanced countries in the world have proved this point.

agricultural production change:

1. To the "factory" by the "natural" development: the 21st century, there will be a considerable part of the crop, vegetables, flowers from the fields to the greenhouse and controlled indoor environment by greenhouse Go toward the production of the "factory". Then, agricultural production will be the needs of the market, the annual sowing annual harvest. Therefore, the future of agricultural production will dilute the regional agricultural production, seasonal characteristics.

2. By "mechanization" to "automate" development: agricultural mechanization has brought great vitality to the modernization of agriculture, in particular, has made a great contribution to the liberation of labor. With the strength robot computer networks and the ability to participate in the full course of agricultural management and complete a variety of farm and agricultural production into automation era.

3. By the "chemical" to "biological" development: modern agriculture is widespread use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, can be described as "chemical age" However, this chemical agriculture have brought destruction of natural resources and ecological balance. With the development of genetic engineering and biotechnology, this situation is changing, to the 21st century, chemical agriculture bio-agriculture replaced.

4. To "ecological" development: "oil agriculture in Western countries modern agricultural development greatly stimulated by the oil type, also poses a serious hazard. "Ecological agriculture" the overall efficiency of production and development, environmental protection, reproduction and use of energy, and economic benefits can be obtained, in the 21st century sustainable agricultural development inevitable trend.

5. By the "one-way" to the "integrated" development: integrated agriculture is characterized by: Dohi aspects of both organic fertilizer, green manure, straw field, also equipped with inorganic nitrogen, phosphorus, potash feed; addition, miscellaneous grass control, pest control, and other aspects of comprehensive management; scientific and comprehensive agricultural economy, employment, environment, nature, landscape, food quality and social welfare should also be a comprehensive survey and arrangements.

6. From "flat" to "three-dimensional" development: the 21st century, per capita arable land will be less. Crop layout will be the plane to the three-dimensional development, its trick is that the use of various types of crops in the growth process, "Space" and "time poor", scattered combinations, consolidated with, constitute a multi-level, multi-function, multi-purpose The efficient production systems.

7. "Park-like" by the "farm-style" development: the 21st century, the development of agriculture will tend sightseeing park spaces available, there is not only the latest technology management, more rare animals, plants, flowers and entertainment options.

8. By "land type" to "marine-type development: the 21st century, mankind will enter the era of agricultural development of marine. At that time, the man will not merely increase productivity on the limited land, sights and ocean, from the ocean to get richer "new food" to develop "marine agriculture.

edit this paragraph related media production front "the newspaper

is the official newspaper of the Xinjiang Military Production and Construction Corps in the fifties. Launched in 1954, ceased publication in 1967. From the production front "founded since records Corps in western China only nearly 15 years Tunkenshubian the feats. Xinjiang Military Region party committee decided

1953 founder of "the production fronts" reported, to guide the work of the the Zhujiang production forces. On April 22, the Xinjiang Military Region party committee decided the Xinjiang People's Liberation Army "divided into" the Xinjiang Liberation Army "and" production front "two newspapers reported. On May 22 of the same year, "the production front newspaper publishing, the header Wang Enmao writing. Quarto Fourth Edition, complex characters straight row, belonging to 5 Daily, the Chinese People's Liberation Army of the Political Department of the Xinjiang Military Publishing.

with the establishment, development and expansion of the Corps, in October 1954 the production front "with the Xinjiang People's Liberation Army" newspaper detachment, designated as Military Region, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps in the official newspaper. On November 2, the production front, "reported change published by the Political Department of Production and Construction Corps in Xinjiang Military. In January 6th

1956 years, "the production front," reported instead of horizontal. March 1 of the same year and began using simplified characters typography. January 1, 1957, the Autonomous Region Party Committee Propaganda Department approval, production fronts newspaper changed its name to "production fronts newspaper, three a week, the national issue; June 1, the second edition outside instead, the horizontal arrangement of the layout ; September 3, recovery quarto Fourth Edition. January 6, 1959, changed daily, weekly, 6, Monday newspapers. January 10, 1960, with toilet paper printing. January 1, 1961, to restore the name of the production front, three a week. June 22, 1967, the the production fronts "forced to suspend publication after the Cultural Revolution began. the

"production front" since the founding and running a newspaper guidelines for company as the main object, the soldiers, in the spirit of patriotism education forces. Its basic mission is to inspire patriotic enthusiasm for labor forces to improve the ideology of patriotism and internationalism, to strengthen the political and ideological leadership to consolidate the ideological basis of the long-term construction Frontier, the study and production of scientific knowledge, teach and exchange Wonderland production experience with the work experience to ensure the successful completion of the production and construction tasks.

edit the segment to enhance the competitiveness of enterprises to solve the problem, we must strictly control production costs, eliminate the unnecessary waste generated in the production of various that lean-site management, its main countermeasures as follows:

1 to strengthen the control of the production plan implementation of Kanban management.

production plan to have foresight, production planning target decomposition to specific science, in line with the actual situation of production, to reduce the number of production units to change the device process parameters, improve equipment utilization efficiency. Kanban production site organization to promote the effective implementation of the scheme. Kanban is a visual image, and a variety of colors suitable visual perception to organize on-site production activities, a management ways to improve labor productivity, it is based on the visual signal means to open into the fundamental principles as much as possible the requirements and intent of the managers to let everybody see, in order to promote self-management, self-control. Managers should production planning, order status, daily production conditions, abnormal conditions advertised to the form of billboards in each producer, so that we are involved in the management. The suspension of the period of production Kanban appropriate position in the production line, the daily production form the team leader to fill the system so that the input-output, to guide the production units of production.

2, ergonomics analysis operation, enhance staff training efforts to regulate employee operation.

invalid labor not only increase the operator's labor intensity, but also reduces the efficiency of labor and easily lead to accidents. The ergonomics analysis operation is decomposed by staff operating behavior, removed the the procedure unreasonable extra action to identify the operating standards, and so the training standards for the majority of employees, through the specification of the operational behavior of the staff staff can improve the efficiency of labor? reduce labor costs and improve equipment utilization, improve the economic efficiency of enterprises.

3, strengthen the set management, and improve operating efficiency.

of set management production site, material place among scientific analysis of research, scientific management methods to achieve the best combination of state of the door, it was set - in the place of science as a precondition, complete information system for the medium, in order to achieve and effective combination for the purpose, by finishing on the production site, rectifying, and remove unwanted items in the production, the necessary items on the predetermined position on it readily available, handling and ineffective action to fundamentally eliminate wasted. Specifically, in accordance with the purpose of the production activities, considering the efficiency, quality, and other constraints of the production activities of the condition and the article itself special requirements, divided into the appropriate place of the determined placed state of the items in place? As the production of the movable body and Item contact information media, which is conducive to the binding material, and production activities. Set management should first solve the effective combination of human and material, which must be on people, binding state analysis. As a result, the Location Management is a variety of venues for scientific, reasonable overall arrangement, set-and ultimately complete the set-Figure vehicle design and information design.

4, strengthen the quality control of the production process, reduce the reject rate.

site management must strictly control the quality of products, in order to ensure a reasonable rate of qualified products. The nonconforming product waste valuable human and material resources, but it can not be on the market. Dealing with nonconforming product also spends a certain amount of human and material resources. Quality control is an important function of the on-site management. First, the decomposition product quality indicators should be reasonable, clear responsibility for the quality of the production processes, through the completion of the process quality indicators to ensure that the product quality of the finished products. Stressing the quality is produced, rather than testing out to ensure the final quality, process quality management, and secondly, to strengthen the quality control of the whole production process, the various processes of requirements do not produce defective products, not into process. Again, for quality control in unexpected situations, to identify the cause of nonconforming product is nipped in the bud. Finally, the culture of quality awareness of each employee, and found quality problems in a timely manner, the quality of education, on-site personnel, and make them ideologically attached great importance to quality management, quality management methods can grasp and adapt their own work, and a higher level of technical operations.

5, establish performance incentive pay system, raise the enthusiasm of the staff.

site management, first-line supervisors play important functions of the basic supervision, incentives, performance feedback and training. Good employee performance evaluation and feedback, with the poor performance of the employees in a timely manner to carry out heart-to-heart talks, to help develop the methods and measures to improve their performance, performance evaluation, job objectives and tasks, the completion of appraisal standards? Conventional assessment, day-to-day behavior specification process execution as appraisal standards, as the basis of the performance incentive pay. The interests of employees with the business goals achievements, improve staff motivation and work efficiency, achieve effective cooperation and positive interaction between the various positions of the workshop internal Only in this way, the production efficiency in order to play to the best level. [2]

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