Kieran Gibbs, 1989 September 26, 2010 -) is an England footballer, now playing for English Premier League Arsenal Football Club.
Kieran Gibbs can play central midfield and left two positions last season on behalf of U18 youth of Kieran Gibbs
team, played 23 times and scored nine goals. He also reserve played nine times in the game in the final round of the league last season for Portsmouth Football Club, he sat on the team bench.
Kieran came off the bench in the pre-season warm-up game of Barnet Football Club, and his performance earned him a starting opportunity for the first time in Arthur Wenger - Emir Cup Arsenal 2:1 victory over Inter Milan.
and teammate James Dunn (James Dunne) and Abu Ao Gege (Abu Ogogo), Gibbs used to play at Wimbledon Club (Wimbledon), but after the dissolution of their youth academy, he joined the Arsenal team now renamed became Milton Keynes Dons Football Club (Milton Keynes Dons). Gun fans nicknamed him as the base male. Gibbs. Arsenal players are very friendly, very harmonious!
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References 1. http://www.sodasoccer.com/search/player/8874A106EBC069DD.html.
2. Gibbs - statistics.
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2. American mathematical physicist and physical chemist edit the original meaning of the items
Gibbs Josiah Willard Gibbs synonyms merger. directory
Josiah Willard Gibbs
Biography early years of thermodynamics research twilight years evaluation missed the early Nobel Chemistry Prize
to edit this paragraph Biography Josiah Willard Gibbs portrait
· Gibbs  (Josiah Willard Gibbs, 1839 February 11, 2011 -1903 years 28 days), American physical chemist, and mathematical physicist. He laid the basis of chemical thermodynamics, the Gibbs free energy Gibbs phase rule. He founded the vector analysis and the introduction of mathematical physics.
Edit this paragraph the early years 1658 Robert Gibbs came from the British colony of Massachusetts Boston, the majority of his descendants to the clergy. Grandson of Robert Gibbs, Henry Gibbs in 1747 and married Catherine Willard, the two families together. More scholars in the Willard family, Samuel Willard served 1701-1707 served as acting president of Harvard University, the Josiah Willard, the son of Samuel Willard was George I appointed as The secretary of the Massachusetts colony, his name has also been of this family have been using down. Henry Gibbs and Henry, son of Katherine Gibbs Gibbs died soon after the marriage, his widow moved to New Haven in Connecticut state with only the son of Josiah Willard Gibbs, and stuck close to his sister Ribet. Josiah Willard Gibbs graduated from Yale College in
1809 after married and Mary Anna Fankelifu,. VanCleef's ancestor William Smith served as a judge of the New York colony Jonathan Dickinson, the first president of the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University). VanCleef's father is a professor of chemistry in the College of New Jersey, the grandfather is a professor of mathematics and natural philosophy. 1826 Josiah Willard Gibbs became a professor of theology at Yale College. Josiah Willard Gibbs was born in the state of Connecticut, New Haven February 11, 1839, five children in the home, the second smallest, is the only boy.
Gibbs is the seventh generation of the family, he was born in New Haven Conn., and his father is a professor at the Yale Divinity School, came into the Hopkins school classmates described as shy and lonely. 1854 Ru Yelu School. And graduated with excellent results in 1858, and the award-winning mathematics and Latin. The 1863 Gibbs to use geometric method for gear design engineering doctorate thesis at Yale College, which also made him become the first Doctor of Engineering. Subsequently stayed any the Latin teaching assistant for two years, natural philosophy teaching assistant for one year. 1866 Gibbs went to Europe to study in Paris, Berlin, Heidelberg learning Masters year, Carl 魏尔施特拉斯, Kirchhoff, Clausius and Helmholtz and other courses offered each let He benefited. 1869 study in three years Gibbs returned to the United States to continue to serve as teaching assistants, three years of his life only to leave New Haven for three years.
edit in this paragraph thermodynamic study the Gibbs became professor of mathematical physics at Yale College in 1871, is also the nation's first professor of the discipline. Gibbs and published articles, so in the first few years he served as the faculty's salary. Gibbs served this faculty until the death, he never married, always lived in a shack not far from Yale and a sister and brother-in-law, lived a quiet life. In his insistence, the education of engineers in the United States began to inject theoretical factors. 1873 34-year-old Gibbs was published his first major paper, using the graphical method to study the thermodynamics of the fluid, and the three-dimensional phase diagram is presented in a subsequent paper. Maxwell idea of a three-dimensional map of the Gibbs admired personally made a plaster model sent to Gibbs. The first part of 1876 Gibbs published in the Academy of Sciences of the Connecticut lay the basis of chemical thermodynamics classic "On the balance of heterogeneous objects". In 1878, he completed the second part. Three hundred pages long paper is considered to be one of the most important papers of the chemical history, the nature of which put forward the concept of the Gibbs free energy, chemical potential, and to clarify the chemical equilibrium, phase equilibria, surface adsorption phenomenon . However, due to the the pure mathematical derivation of the Gibbs own style of writing and publications issuance is too small, American contempt for pure research reasons, this article in the continental United States did not cause response. Over time, this paper is beginning to receive the attention of the European mainland counterparts. By Ostwald in 1892 translated into German, French Le Saudi columns translation in 1899.
Edit this paragraph in his later years, Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland in 1880, invited Gibbs to a salary of $ 3,000. In response, Yale University, his salary to $ 2,000, but Gibbs remained teaching at Yale. 1880-1884 years Gibbs the Hamilton quaternion thought Grassmann exterior algebra theory combined with the creation of vector analysis to solve solving problems encountered comet orbits through the use of this method, Gibbs get the orbit of the comet Swift, the amount of computation required is much smaller than the Gaussian method. 1882-1889 years, Gibbs is very smart to avoid discussion of the nature of light, the application vector analysis to establish a new set of electromagnetic theory of light. 1889 Gibbs has written a classic textbook on statistical mechanics, "the basic principles of statistical mechanics, he uses the results of the Liouville the Boltzmann ensemble concept expansion, which will thermodynamic establish on the basis of statistical mechanics. In 1901 Gibbs At that time, the scientific community is the highest reward Ke Puli Medal.
edit this paragraph evaluation * American education on the value of practical knowledge, Gibbs has not been given due attention. New York University before entering the Hall of Fame until 1950, side by side bust Memorial. * Ostwald think, "regardless of the form or content, he gives a whole century of the physical chemistry. * Landau Gibbs statistical mechanics apply to any macroscopic objects most thorough, most complete the form. * May 4, 2005, U.S. scientists issued a series of commemorative stamps, including Gibbs, von Neumann, Barbara McClintock and Richard Feynman.
edit the missed early Nobel Prize in Chemistry, whether Gibbs still Mendeleev, had a profound impact on modern chemistry. 1970s, 19 Gibbs in thermodynamics had made him prominent, but in 1901, the first session of the Nobel Prize was awarded to the Dutch scientists Van't Hoff DD His research is based in Djibouti Adams basis. Gibbs died in 1903, never ever not have a chance to enter to let the world admire the list of Nobel Prize winners.
Mendeleev discovered the periodic table, very close to the Nobel Prize. In 1905 and 1906, he won the Nobel Prize nomination, but in the end none of award-winning, because a member of the Assessment Committee Mendeleev contribution is too old, but already well known, so we should not give The Mendeleev awards. Prize in Chemistry for 1906 is awarded to Henry Mozambique (Henri Moissan), the award-winning grounds that he had discovered some new elements, but before that, Mendeleev predicted these elements will be found. And Gibbs, Mendeleev died in 1907, and completely with the Nobel Prize.
a strange problem
"do not know that you have not thought about this problem," Professor Gibbs (Josiah Willard Gibbs) standing mathematical physics classroom, asked the entire top students of Yale University.
students sit up, took out a pen and paper, fully prepared to deal with it is known as "the most esoteric" Yale University course. Everyone thought this problem would definitely put the entire blackboard filled with mathematical symbols so that everyone copied his hands sour.
full hair gray look of wrinkles Gibbs went to the classroom, looking curiously at the clouds for a while, as if tis the Baiyun very special like side. He said slowly: "You all know that the hot water it? "Everyone nodded, a little baffled.
asked again: "That cold water? "Kiskiskis
we all know.
"So if a cup of hot water near a glass of cold water, what will happen? "Kiskiskis
some people could not help but laugh:" change the warm water ah! "Kiskiskis
Gibbs head turn:" Why? "Kiskiskis
someone replied:" The heat from the hot water to the cold water ah! Simple! "Kiskiskis
" is not it? Cold water why not heat to the hot water it? Professor of "
" If this is the case, the cold water on growing cold, the hot water on more and more heat, which is unreasonable thing! The experience of everyday life is not so ah! "Kiskiskis
I really do not know the the highest institution still under discussion kindergarten. Gibbs Yang a Yang eyebrows: "Do not talk to me about the experience, to talk about the truth. Why heat must follow a fixed direction, spread by the hot water to cold water it? "Kiskiskis
" direction? "Kiskiskis
" ah! I ask, why the hot water and cold water meet one to two cups of warm water, two cups of warm water will not become a cup of hot water, a cup of cold water? "Everybody look of confusion.
"I ask, a piece of wood was on fire, on the water, gas and heat, why can gas plus water, plus heat and reaction to a piece of wood? universe we experience is not always leaning species in a fixed direction, when the role of the various physical or chemical reaction? Members may say that this is the experience. It's still unable to meet the problem. I believe there is a principle behind this, there is a change due to. "Kiskiskis
Gibbs wrote on the blackboard" entropy "," I think the direction of this universe of things, in addition to the basic energy (energy), temperature (temperature), pressure (pressure), volume (volume), there are randomness (entropy), explain the reaction by a low degree of disorder in the direction to the direction of the high degree of disorder necessary factor. "Kiskiskis
The professor is not a neuropathy, but is recognized as the United States in the 19th century, the greatest mathematical physicist. He has the mind of a genius, but often wonders about some idiotic question. of
Gibbs was born February 11, 1839, United States Connecticut (Connecticut) New Haven (New Haven), here is the location of Yale University, in his home at Yale University next.
childhood often ill, confined to bed at home than in school time, his entire childhood to adolescence almost no friends. Sick so he the personalized back down, it will not play, social, outdoor activities only to a nearby hill, a man in the fresh air, slowly lone, which helps his lungs, made him develop good at good habits of thinking.
his father is a professor of classical literature at Yale University, his mother is from a famous family of scholars, several generations of ancestors are university presidents. Absent for a long time, his father taught him Latin mother taught him mathematics became his best teacher and friend.
his mother's teaching a very special way, like to ask him questions, and tips from time to time, together with his observation, calculation, thinking, until you find the answer. For example, asked him:
"how the shape of the tree trunks?" Kiskiskis
"round, mother. "Kiskiskis
" Really, you measured it? "Kiskiskis
" No, but I think it is round. "Kiskiskis
" feel? To Do Liangliang Kan ah? , "...... Kiskiskis
" You look really round? "Kiskiskis
" Well, not exactly, is not it? Why is this shape? Small key "
along with her mother mathematics forever natural is an open secret.
the family misfortune
Unfortunately, parents can not accompany him for a long time, soon he entered Yale University Engineering Department, home die a tragic death, suddenly claimed the lives of his parents and two younger sisters. His painful, lonely lonely life.
, a lanky young man often unmatched in the red maple leaf on the Yale campus trails. From then on he became more a few young people to speak later scientists often complain that if Gibbs say today thermodynamic might not be so difficult to read.
shortly Yale University chapel, more a silent person, he is often a long time inside quiet prayer. Lonely thought and sickly body, family misfortune, which in the end did not make him fall. Despair of life, perhaps our textbooks, yet structured so complete vector learning, matrix operations, kinetic and thermodynamic (especially thermodynamics). The science of "mobile" and "hot" from his "quiet" and "cold." Although parents to protect him, to accompany him
affected by the impact of the length of time, but God conservative with in more than parents long. geometric
gear slowly climb out from the abyss of suffering, and he continued to read. In the to keep mathematics excellent university, make him more adept in Engineering. The one hundred eighty-six O's, United States began the construction of the railroad tracks across the continent, the rapid development of rail transport, has also led to the development of the prosperity of the western United States. The train's start with the brakes
wheel needs all kinds of gear driven, Gibbs found immediately to the design of the gear geometry, makes the adhesion between gears, rotating between reducing friction resistance, not only to reduce fuel also train safer Fast Marching under the emergency brake.
for one hundred eighty-six O's, in addition to transportation projects developed outside the United States education flourish. Education is considered as the most important investment of the national potential. Education are graduating from elementary school to teach elementary school, secondary school graduates who teach secondary school and university graduates to teach college. The concept of change, education is so important, a must University to teach in primary and secondary. So who is going to teach the universities? Need to have higher Dr. training. This "Dr." education key. Gibbs university education give him more freedom of space to think, to continue to receive higher education. Geometry of design train gear "in 1863, he received his Ph.D. on a Ph.D. in the history of the United States. Professor the train gear improved in
unsalaried brought him wealth and fame, but Gibbs for "hot" engineering applications only this, he wondered, the deeper the more back to some of the traditional physics on the basic needs of a breakthrough on the sticking point.
"How would you describe the relationship between the power (work) and heat (heat)?" traditional Newtonian mechanics hot little help, you need another cut direction. Gibbs has taught philosophy at Yale University, and feel the surroundings can not help solve the problem to him, left Yale. With the remaining two sister Anna (Anna) and Julia (Julia) to Europe, and side to learn, can make a side still together.
Gibbs each year in Paris, Berlin, Heisenberg, steeped in the "hot" in Physics and Mathematics. This theory in Europe only a bit of the prototype, are very unpopular areas.
wait until Gibbs returned to Yale University, only to find the school have jobs to others. Too much attention to learning the past three years, he ignored the administrative and communicative. Later, the Yale reluctance to give him a professor of mathematical physics Tau Street, but no salary. Gibbs even agree to the treatment of such grievances. In his view, "University of valuable where he is a free-thinking". Full nine years at the university, he did not take any salary, savings and remain alone parents live.
the Air Life
nine during Gibbs published three thermodynamic classic. He saw three sent around the world one hundred forty-seven physical, mathematical scientists, ask them to give advice. Almost everyone reading do not understand his theory, nor know Gibbs is the sort of person. Gibbs conference published research on various academic groups did not participate in, good communication and love thoughtful personality, so he reality of society, almost does not exist edge. Not known article, anyone willing to spend the brains to read
! And was the most distinguished scientists, electromagnetic guru Maxwell (Clark Maxwell). He took a deep appreciation Gibbs's article, so a clarion call: "For the interpretation of the" hot "has exceeded all German scientists. "At this time we came to the understanding, looking back to find three articles from the scraps of paper heap good reading. in Baltimore (Baltimore) City
Then just set up near the University of John Hopkins (John Hopskins), Gibbs is a master of the people, and quickly hired him. Yale University, who did nine salaried teachers remembered him to stay and give him two-thirds of the salary of John Hopkins University. Nostalgic the Gibbs or stay at Yale, to accept a salary less work.
if from the perspective of money - health behavior decisions will think he is neuropathy, or outdated anachronism!
in the eyes of students, he is a strange professor. I often see that he sat at my desk, looked at the front of the blackboard a long time motionless; sometimes wrote some mathematical formulas on the blackboard, went back to the desk, muttering a while; otherwise is to head down everywhere walk slowly forward; students asked him not have their own pre-thought, he often "hum" heard not answer. He believes that "The teachers are not feeding students with a spoon, but like a whetstone to hone the students to think more accurate", he will only accept the thought of the problem.
Gibbs that mathematics is a language of mathematics is aimed at helping students be able to have a more precise dialogue in this language and nature "," Mathematics is not a problem-solving skills, but the concept implementation, learning math cares concentrate mathematics favorite favorite real math does not allow vague things, no hasty conclusions. If the truth is a target in the world of mathematics vague inference absolutely can not hit the bull's-eye of truth. In learning mathematics long time, unlike the political or commercial, the need to advertise. Mathematics as long as it is, is right.
Gibbs died in nineteen O on April 28, 2003. His students follow his orders, his Yale chapel to recite passages the Bible, singing his favorite poetry. As long as he lives he is not married, the full payment of the effort to explore math, thermodynamics of the United States, the student and professor at Yale University.
R. J. Seeger, J. Willard Gibbs - men of physics, Pergamon Press.
References 1. Josiah Willard Gibbs. wikipedia.org.
extended reading: Open Category: the characters physicist the American physicists natural scientists, historians
3 edit the original meaning of the White House Press Secretary item
Gibbs Robert Gibbs is synonymous, have been consolidated. Trackback
Robert Gibbs (Robert Gibbs) before the U.S. presidential election in 2008, Obama's chief spokesman, and David Plovdiv et al constitute Austrian Bama core think tank. Obama's victory, Gibbs served as White House press secretary, to convey to the media, such as the presidential schedule information. About
individual personal experience
edit this paragraph biography U.S. President-elect Barack Obama, November 22, 2008 appointed a close aide Robert Gibbs as White House press secretary (chief spokesman). 
Edit this paragraph personal experiences Gibbs, now 37 years old (in November 2008), since 2004 working for Obama. Senator Obama initially as office liaison officer. In the 2008 election, he served as the Obama campaign team of liaison officers and senior strategic adviser, is one of Obama's chief aides. He was appointed to the expectations of public opinion.