2014年5月23日星期五

London Olympic Stadium

London Olympic Stadium, commonly known as the London bowl, the 2012 Summer Olympic Games main stadium in Stratford, London, about 80,000 seats during the 2012 London Olympic Games. London Olympic stadium planning began in the summer of 2007, and construction started on May 22, 2008, to be completed by March 29, 2011. shape

resembles a large bowl [1]

London Olympic Stadium located in the south of the Olympic Park one on the Island (latitude 51 ° 32'19 .59 ", longitude 0 ° 0'58 .88"), is surrounded by water, the audience through five bridge go to the stadium. Stadium facilities include athletes locker room, the medical auxiliary facilities and an 80-meter warm-up track. Stadium peripheral the audience service area, canteen and merchandise shop. London during the Olympic Games events: athletics, opening and closing ceremonies. [2] London Olympic Stadium officially announced on May 5, 2012 hired its shape resembles a large bowl, people nicknamed "London Bowl. [3]

stadium edit this paragraph, the design is surrounded on three sides by water [1]

as the main stadium of the 2012 Olympic Games in London, the London Olympic Stadium called a model of energy-efficient buildings, steel increasingly scarce situation, the venue for the resource efficient The use of heavyweight, 75% less than any other stadium steel. Olympic Stadium, another major feature of low-carbon concrete used in its construction, such materials from industrial waste than the average cement carbon content of 40%; stadium top ring while remaining gas pipes to build percent. The whole stadium visible practice of the 2012 Olympic Games in London in order to "reduce, re-use, circulation" way to promote sustainable development of the Declaration. Design, build the stadium nakedness in a bowl-shaped base strategy further reduce the use of steel and concrete.

edit this paragraph during the Olympic Games "London Bowl" stadium interior

Bowl London Olympic Stadium will be located in the Olympic Park Island, surrounded by water, and the audience by five connected islands and surrounding areas of bridge Go to the main stadium. During the Olympics, the stadium can accommodate 80,000 spectators, including 25,000 permanent seats in the permanent low-rise and high-rise construction is made of lightweight steel and concrete can accommodate 55,000 spectators, this temporary bleachers will be removed after the Games . Supporting facilities within the stadium including athletes locker room, medical support facilities, a 80-meter warm-up track to the the audience service area, lounge area, as well as souvenirs supermarket will be set in a stepped area around the stadium outer periphery.

the design of the stadium, and November 7, 2007. London Olympic Committee, said that the London Olympic Stadium is a unique 80,000-seat stadium, it will be the center of the Olympic Games in 2012, for the auspices of the Olympic Games opening and closing ceremonies and track and field. The Paralympics will be converted to a 25,000 seat permanent stadium, it became the new home of track and field athletes and other sports, communication and education venues. the construction of the stadium track and field,

dug soil is piled around it to form a 25,000-seat grandstand. The periphery of the stadium with a removable lightweight metal framework as an additional 55,000-seat grandstand erected. The top of the stadium bleachers constituted by the rope can bear about two-thirds of the seats, the bleachers will be removed after the end of the Olympic Games in 2012 and was re-use. a bird's eye view

edit this paragraph Olympic London Olympic Stadium

have considerable flexibility in view of the design of the Olympic Stadium in London, can be adapted to a variety of different needs, after the Olympics, it will continue to be used for the sports and track and field competition, as well as Culture and community activities. The main stadium will be a continuation of the legendary. the Olympic Park Heritage company in

(Olympic ParkLegacy Company) and London Mayor Boris Johnson (Boris Johnson) has adopted the decision of the London Olympic Stadium satisfied owned by the public. [2] According to the BBC report, in order to ensure that the stadium can be sustained after the Olympic Games, LOCOG specially set up Olympic legacy development company for solving these problems. Who gets on the "London Bowl" has four sets of mature bidding program: used to host F1 Grand Prix; for English Premier League team West Ham at home; for the League One team Leyton Orient team home; the UCFB the Football Business School in London use. These four programs, organized F1 Grand Prix or the Premier League game will no doubt be the focus of global media attention.

for F1 venue, we are more familiar with the British Silverstone has the most history. For the F1 race, held in the Olympic Stadium in East London will not only stimulate this developed economy, the more you can lift the appetite of the global media, especially the fans. The intelligent transportation services company located in London is in operation in the bid. F1 president Bernie Ecclestone said he was interested, but he the F1 official also said that will not spend money and effort for the bid. He also said that the future of F1 to consider the formation of a 5.1 km circular track, along the way may include Buckingham Palace, Big Ben, Trafalgar Square in the downtown area of ​​London. This is not a joke.

East London double ball will compete for the "London Bowl" the right to use

then for another popular program - organized Premiership game? Hammers West Ham return to the Premiership in the 2012-13 season, can be described as deserved to win this home will be located in their own ball. West Ham have tried rented stadium in the future and to victory in the 2011 bid, when even the British government and London mayor approved they moved to the stadium in the Olympic Games after the home, but was including heat The thorns club Leyton Orient's strong opposition, the Olympic Legacy Company is responsible for the project were forced to give up the signing of an agreement with West Ham. Olympic Stadium Western Union Farm Wing home about 6 km near the League One team Leyton Orient worry about relying on the new stadium Lee West Ham after the relocation will compete for fans with their own resources, make their survival more difficult, therefore firmly opposed to the relocation of West Ham. West Ham finally got his wish, they must retain the athletics track inside the stadium used to host the 2017 World Athletics Championships. Nevertheless, the club's vice-chairman of West Ham, David Goode still, the ball will be determined to win the bid to the stadium, they will not be combined and the team stadium. The speech of

Goode undoubtedly reduce the possibility of the application of the League One team, also from the East End of London - Leyton Orient club, because the club this consider shared with West Ham this Olympics home. Team of Leyton Orient chairman Barry Hearn said they have confidence alone won the right to the use of the "London Bowl". However, according to the BBC analysis, Leyton Orient team UCFB London football Business School bid will be slightly inferior.

In addition to the above four bids, the famous British Essex Cricket Club is also interested in the stadium, however, they chose to give up.

London Olympic Stadium appearance []

According to the BBC, the London Olympic stadium can accommodate 80,000 people in the Olympic Games, was reduced to 60,000 in order to save costs, but will retain the runway to host the 2017 World Athletic Championships. Olympic legacy development company spokesman said that the expected fall of 2012, they will be able to decide this "London Bowl" the ultimate home, when the world's media will wait and see. Do not know of the London Olympic Stadium hot commercial bid, whether to the 08 Olympics for a long time vacant by the Western media as the "empty nest" of the Beijing Olympics home some inspiration? [4]

edit this paragraph sustainable, forward-looking concept detachable Olympic Stadium [5] May

2008, "London Bowl" creative architect Philips Jensen went to Beijing to attend a venue test. He said it was like the Olympic venues in Beijing, but did not mean to continue like Beijing then do. Beijing Olympic great many people in the UK through the Beijing Olympics suddenly have a general understanding of Beijing, this may be a great advertising in Beijing and China, "he said," But in London, we hope to show the city itself, so London will be more use of temporary venues and the Olympic Park will not become too much focus Imagine triathlon race route after Buckingham Palace, the beach volleyball venue is located in the prime minister living in Downing Street near ... London is known these places when all the attractions - Westminster Abbey, Big Ben, the London Eye, Greenwich Park will be garishly illuminated, is expected then comments and media reports London how as a whole to host the Olympics, and not only focus on the Olympic venues. "

Jason London Olympics brought a new way of thinking - to explore the relationship between permanent and temporary.

"it is clear that the rich countries of the world can spend a lot of money to organize such a large event in the Olympic Games, but to my understanding, the IOC wants to do is hope that the Olympic Games to further spread the Olympic idea to do this little way is not to build too many permanent buildings, or at least into the temporary building part, London has already begun this process, or perhaps more than ever before to do. "

Jensen seems budget constraints, but this constraint has also become an opportunity to inspire a variety of innovative ideas and practices. "You can not make the roof lighter than this form, only use so little material, and has contributed to the sustainable development." He said.

because the wide, narrow shape, stadium nicknamed "London Bowl" this "bowl" acclaimed primary reason is the use of the largest in the history of the temporary stands, 80,000 seats, only 25,000 fixed seats, the upper part of 55,000 seats are removable, and greatly reduced maintenance costs. Departure from sustainability, after the end of the Olympic Games, where you can quickly slimming Stadium is a medium-sized communities. "The capacity of the stadium can not originally planned downsizing so powerful, according to the needs of 60,000 seats reserved, so there is the ability to organize different events, such as soccer, rugby and even cricket and other sports competitions, also can do the concert." Jensen said.

, LOCOG stressed, this unique design has the significance of the "the Olympic milestone" style, will leave a valuable legacy for the Olympic history. Shi Yade, the main designer of the venues, with previous Olympic venues before compared, design the stadium removable, originality, and forward-looking. He said: "This is not the kind of win in spectacular shape Stadium, but this is a smarter building will be more focus on practicality stadiums become a truly intelligent, sustainable development." It has a complex loading and unloading works like a large bowl filled with air to ensure that after the game effectively utilized. [6] compare the night sky

edit this paragraph with the "Bird's Nest" Olympic Stadium in London

Beijing "Bird's Nest" Olympic Stadium in London are all large public buildings, using the framework of the structure, the main material is steel and concrete, that the "Bird's Nest especially "Bird's Nest", in order to create a better visual effect, reinforced woven grid, plus the use of a large number of concrete reflects its sense of volume and permanent. "London Bowl" to highlight its economic clever features to minimize the amount of steel, and a lot of temporary seating to increase mobility while reducing the amount of concrete.

"London Bowl" lightweight framework as the main frame structure with the fundamental part of the reinforced concrete structure formation venues body. "Bird's Nest" is based on the skeleton of a small number of supporting structural steel seat, the middle filled with non-structural steel grid to form the main body of the bird's nest shape, with the steel-concrete permanent basis and seats, the formation of the venues main.

Overall, the "Bird's Nest" and "London Bowl" two main Olympic stadium have advantages and disadvantages. If Beijing "Bird's Nest" stadium pay more attention to the appearance of fine, thereby sacrificing the economic and practical, "London Bowl" is a great emphasis on economical and practical venue is frugal, but made an appearance on a certain The extent of the concessions. In short, the "Bird's Nest" pay more attention to the appearance and practicality, "London Bowl" pay more attention to practical and economical, which has a deep relationship with the economic background in which two-time Olympic and national backgrounds, shows that economic and cultural factors that impact on the style of the building can not be ignored. [7]

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