2014年5月23日星期五

Cluj

Cluj county, is an administrative unit of the Eastern European countries, Romania, Cluj County, Romania forty-one County. Cluj County, Romania's second largest financial center, one of the country's most developed counties. Its total population of 703,269 (2002), an area of ​​6674 square miles, the capital city of Cluj - Napoca (Cluj-Napoca). Cluj County is located in northwest Romania, the national three natural landform Interchange (Appleton Seney Mountains, Suo Meisang Plateau, Transylvanian Plain). North latitude 47 degrees 28 minutes 44 seconds south latitude 46 degrees 24 minutes 47 seconds west longitude 23 degrees 39 minutes 22 seconds east longitude 24 degrees 13 minutes 46 seconds.

Cluj County experienced the transformation of human development from prehistoric. A significant progress in the Neolithic archaeological found certificates

the the Cluj County landscape (15)

clear then this piece of land there is human habitation. Roman Empire conquered Dacia, where history has entered a new stage. To the 4th century, a large number of foreign nations to settle here. Transylvania the Duchy period, Cluj County is established, for the first time mentioned in the literature Cluj County in 1177. 12th century, the Romans established the ancient city of Napoca, renamed the city of Cluj in the 16th century, and flourished as the capital city of Cluj County. In the 17th century, the Austrian Habsburg occupation and began to rule the Transylvania region. European revolutions of 1848, Cluj again entered a stage of rapid development. In 1918, the end of World War I, the Austro-Hungarian Empire officially collapsed, originally belonged to the Austro-Hungarian Empire under the jurisdiction of the Transylvania region again return to Romania, but after the outbreak of World War II, Nazi Germany's occupation was October 11, 1944 the joint efforts of the Soviet Red Army and the Romanian military and civilian, Cluj county liberation.

edit this paragraph landforms hills Cluj county dominant landforms, accounts for about 2/3 of the total area of ​​the county. Another 1/3 of the mountain. All in all, the plains area of ​​almost zero. Mountains under the Appleton the Seney Mountains, the county's highest elevation point in Cluj County, southwest mountain (1842 m).

Edit this paragraph hydrological information Cluj County is rich in water resources, has many rivers, lakes and groundwater resources. Where Suo Meishi River is the county's largest and most important rivers.

edit this paragraph climate Cluj County has a temperate continental climate. Mountainous and hilly areas due to the terrain, the climate is slightly different. The average annual minimum temperature in February, the highest in July (hilly region), August (mountain). The average annual minimum rainfall in February, the highest in June. Mountain snowfall from October, late November hilly areas has started to snow, and the lower altitude turgay until early December began snowfall.

edit this paragraph elevation found, Cluj county is divided into three vertical plant layer, subalpine layer in the area of ​​more than 1550 meters above sea level, in these regions long winter and summer shorter vegetation cover mainly grassland vegetation. Forest layer mainly forests, mainly spruce, fir and beech trees, they are mainly distributed in the region of about 1000 meters above sea level, There are also some rare species such as ash and hornbeam, oak, hawthorn, hazel located in the hilly areas, the range of 550-600 meters above sea level. The forest steppe layers few trees and grass.

edit this paragraph animals rich plant resources the Cluj County animal resources equally rich. Subalpine layer has a large number of rodents, birds, reptiles, and as far north viper mountain lizard. Forest layer is home to a large number of mammals and birds, the main mammals, brown bear, wild boar, deer, wolves, lynx, badgers and squirrels, tree mink and hares are distributed in the limestone area, master of forest birds, mainly pheasant , blackbirds and Eagle, and now, the number of Eagle has greatly reduced. Mountain rivers and streams, salmon, whitefish distribution in the hilly areas of water systems, the Suo Meisang plateau and the lakes and rivers of the plains of Transylvania distribution carp, pike and perch.

edit this segment of the population structure of the statistical results (1998) total population: 724605

average density: 108.9 people/sq km

male: 48.9%

women: a 51.1%

urban population: 69%

rural population: 31%

Edit this paragraph the ethnic composition Romanian family: 77.59%

Hungarian: 19.85%

Romany: 2.22%

Deutsche family: 0.19%

other ethnic groups: 0.15%

edit this paragraph Religion Orthodox: 70%

Protestant: 14.1%

Greek Orthodox : 5.1%

Roman Catholic: 4.4%

Holy Spirit come to teach: 2.2%

Unitarian: 1.3%

other religions: 2.4%

no religious beliefs: 0.5%

edit this paragraph, an important city Cluj - Napoca the (capital)

Cluj - Napoca (Cluj-Napoca,) referred to as "Cluj (Cluj)." The northwestern city of Romania, the capital city of Cluj County, located in the middle of Cluj County, population 340,000. Romania cradle of civilization. Major industrial and cultural center of Transylvania. In Tisza River tributaries Suo Meishi River. 2000 years of history, Dacia period to become the town said Napoca, the second century AD, the municipality of Rome, is part of the Kingdom of Hungary in the ninth century, the 16th century had long Transylvania the capital in the period 1790-1849 and 1861-1867, the Austrian Empire under the capital of Transylvania duchy. city ​​

the name consists of two parts Napoca (Napoca) is a the ancient Dacia fortress name Cluj (Cluj) is derived from the Latin "Clausum", meaning "in the hills between the city . "

Cluj - Napoca rail and air station. Industrial machinery manufacturing, chemical, food, footwear. Babes - Boley the Yayi University, Institute of Fine Arts, School of Music and other institutions of higher learning and the Academy of Sciences Branch of the Transylvanian Museum, Botanical Gardens. Crowded urban areas around the plant is now a seat milky white, yellow, light blue new building dotted. The center of the old city remains the medieval style, 15th century Gothic cathedral and other monuments,, if any Shengmihayi churches and Banffy Palace. Urban areas have a South-Eastern Europe's largest botanical gardens around the world with a variety of plants, planting, park gurgling streams, a paradise on earth. Flowers planted in Asia, there is a small and unique shape of the East Fang Xiaoting, visitors come to rest, can watch the scene in the flowers, enjoy the refreshing aroma. Here cultivate more than 300 varieties of roses, the most concentrated aroma of roses, the world famous White Rose, which is called "roses Kingdom. This Botanical Garden with 84 countries in the world, more than 500 famous botanical gardens to exchange information and seed. Award-winning international competitions, rare species cultivated here.

behalf of day

behalf of day (Dej) is located north of Cluj County, the third largest city of the county, is one of the transportation hub, rail and road leading to Cluj - Napoca, Baia Mare, Sa The mare substituted up, Bistrita, 瓦特拉多尔 within. Major industrial fiber and paper industry, furniture manufacturing, refractories manufacturing, canned food processing industry, beverage manufacturing. Protestant church built in the 15th century, is the most important tourist attractions, and other important attractions include "Dr.Teodor Mihaly" and "Dr.. Alexandru Vaida Voievod" Memorial, and on behalf of Day Spa, on behalf of Day Spa treat diseases function, especially the treatment of motion sickness, weakness, disease and rickets. located in the south of Cluj County

the Tu Erda

Tu Erda (Turda), the second largest city in the county, conquered Dacia period for the Roman Empire, the location of the assembly had medieval Transylvanian Council. Transportation hub, is the most important intermediate station in the capital, Bucharest, on the road leading to the northwest border town of Oradea. The main industrial building materials industry (cement production, precast, refractories, glass, etc.), as well as chemical, food processing and other industries. Tourism is developed, built in the 15th century church, various historical monuments and a unique view of the countryside. Tuer Da ravine near the scenic area of ​​karst landforms, as well as to treat diseases of the salt mines. most important

edit this paragraph industry Cluj County economic structure of industry, more than 34% of the labor services for the industrial sector, the main industry is:

① building materials, porcelain, pottery, glassware - 18.2%

② metallurgy Industrial - 16.3%

③ food processing industry - 14.7%

④ chemicals manufacturing industry - 11.4%

⑤ Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing - a 7.2%

⑥ fiber, paper, wood box manufacturing - 6.7%

edit this paragraph Agriculture Agriculture in The Cluj County economy the best secondary in the industry, the second largest. More than 27% of the labor force engaged in agriculture. The Cluj county soil and climatic conditions ideal for the development of agriculture, animal husbandry is also a considerable proportion. The many orchards established on the slopes of the mountain, in the county central, north and northeast. The rich forest resources of the county's forestry developed that can provide high-quality timber resources to the industrial sector.

edit this paragraph Cluj team Cluj football team (Fotbal Club CFR 1907 Cluj), is located in Romania grams Luzhkov - Napoca, the football club. Cluj football club is the Romanian Football League championship in the 2007-08 season. Cluj football club's first domestic league title, also title the first time in 17 years, won by a team from outside Bucharest.

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