2014年5月19日星期一

Alfonso IX

Alfonso cable IX

A Alfonso IX (Alfonso IX, 1171 -1230 years 24 days) , Kings of Leon ( reigned 1188 -1230 ) . He is the only son of Leon King Ferdinand II , the mother to the daughter of the King of Portugal conqueror Alfonso I Siniora Mallorca .

edit this paragraph character biography Alfonso IX in 1188 to inherit the Leon the throne . He then held the first parliament in the history of the Kingdom on Leon , including the level of urban residents , artisans who have participated . He has also given the city autonomy , in order to balance the power of the nobility . He was determined to regain the land occupied by the cousin of the Kingdom of Castile Alfonso VIII , King of , do not hesitate to with Moissac Sid alliance , in 1197 , while he was the Alfonso VIII Moissac Sid defeated timing United Navarra offensive Castile , to force Alfonso VIII daughter Belen Gallardo dedicated to his wife . Despite this , he still refused to send troops to help fight Moorish cousin and chief father-in-law , Pope Innocent III in 1214 declared that the marriage is invalid on the grounds that Alfonso IX and Belen Gallardo blood relationship exists . Pope to do so is likely to be self-interest. Because fear of excommunication sanctions , Alfonso IX was forced to yield to admit as a vassal of the Pope . In 1215 , Alfonso IX issued a Royal Decree permitted serf migration (and thus able to get rid of the master ) . Alfonso IX is the creator of Spain famous institutions of higher learning , the University of Salamanca . His son on the throne of Castile , Alfonso IX in the Reconquista active in his hands of from Moluogemu Wahid Dynasty captured Badajoz ( 1227 ) , Caceres ( 1229 ) and Merida ( 1230 ) three cities . The Christian forces in the south continue to advance to the melon Da Yana River line . 's Death, he and Belen Gallardo 's son inherited the throne of Leon , King of Castile , Ferdinand III . Leon and Castilla again unified , King Ferdinand III ascended the throne of Leon , simply , the two merge, known as the Kingdom of Castile and Leon , or the Kingdom of Castile . The birth of a powerful unified Kingdom of Castile .

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