2014年2月20日星期四

Roller-skating

rollerblade, also known as roller skating, roller skating, sliding movement of the pedal four specially made shoes in a solid, flat ground. Invented by an American, James Plymouth Town in 1863, after quickly spread to Europe and around the world, to conduct more common in Europe and the United States, has been developed for competitions.

Roller Skating skating transition from skating in the eighteenth century, according to the historical records, invented by an unknown Dutch. Initially Dutch skater, his test failures and improved in order to continue in the ice season training, try to the wooden spools safety shoes under, trying to glide on flat ground, finally successful, creating The rollerblade wheels

shoes skating history, from the skating movement was born in Europe, the rise and rapid development. In

1860 years, Belgium manufacturing workers 约瑟夫默林 bit mechanic and a musical instrument, they used handmade pair of roller skates, but when their own masterpiece to the World Expo in London, the show to enthusiastic London audience but there was an accident, he can not brake a large mirror broke, people were also wounded. This matter fully reported by the media, causing a huge shock. Therefore, roller skating is also regarded as a "dangerous sport" while out in the cold for a long period of time.

1861 skating project performances in the Paris World's Fair, to establish its position in the sports family. The skating of

is invented in 1863 by the American James Puli Mu in Templeton. His innovative metal wheels instead of wooden wheels, glide it has more advantages, by everyone's welcome. His invention to promote the development of the countries in roller skating, he has thus made a fortune.

1866 years, James invested in New York opened the first indoor skating field, and the organization of the New York Roller Skating Association, the roller skating for the first time officially included in the sports official event. Roller skating quickly spread to Europe.

1879 years, the British established the National Skating Association, after four years, roller skating is also part of the jurisdiction.

1884 years the American Richardson and Raymond invented the ball bearing, has played a great role in improving the skating technology. the

1884 the first time, the United Kingdom organized by the National Roller Skating Championship. April 1st

1892 years, established by the International the Roller Skating Union in Switzerland, roller skating to the regularization, the State further development.

1875-1937, skating skating great influence. Roller Skating by-rollerblade

gradually evolved into figure skating, speed skating and three different forms of skating ball sports.

Edit this paragraph the classification characteristics skating including speed skating, figure skating and roller ball and a single row of inline skating and double-row roller skating. Held in the skating field the skating project that is figure skating. Speed ​​skating is divided into the road race and track race two. The track race project men 500m, 1000m, 1500m, 3000m, 5000m, 10000m, 20000m other items; woman has 500m, 1000m, 3000m, 5000m, 10000m other items.

speed skating: in a single row, double row roller skates Contest game tools, rollerblade

specific project: track race and road race.

Hockey: looks like a combination of ice hockey and lacrosse, the two sides from each of five people to the game on a 44 × 22 m site, rules similar to ice hockey, but do not allow the body collision or blocks a game for 2-3 sections, each 15-20 minutes, score more goals for the winner.

figure skating: divided into single, double roller skating, dance and round skating dance (compulsory exercise). According to the degree of difficulty of the action, dancing beautiful score the winner.

extreme sport and techniques: the use of the U-shaped table to do a variety of thrilling, The complex skills performances action, it is also skating one of the most attractive athletic events.

Edit this paragraph Development of the early 20th century, roller skating in the United States and Europe is widely carried out, some countries have set up a speed skating club. In 1910, Europe began skating soccer match in 1908, the British built the world's largest skating field.

due to other countries in Europe and North America Roller Skating booming development, the establishment of a worldwide organization, the unified management of the sport, has been essential to promote their healthy development. Therefore, held in Montreux, Switzerland, in 1924, the first congress of the International Roller Skating Union, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, the 11 representatives attended the meeting, the meeting elected Swiss Ren Kai Weizi any Chairman, Otto US-ier for the Secretary-General, and decided to hold a year's Congress. six countries attended the first session of the European Hockey Championships held on April

1926. The countries participating rollerblade

Britain, France, Germany, Italy, and Switzerland. The first World Hockey Championships held in Stuttgart, Germany

1936. The British team won the first, the second Italian team, Portugal team won third place.

1937 years in the United States developed the first speed skating competition rules.

1937, in Monza, Italy, hosted the first World Roller Speed ​​Skating Championships. In the same year, the first session of the European figure skating championships held in Munich, Germany. Five years later, the first world figure skating and synchronized dance Championships held in Washington, DC. The first speed skating World Championships held in London

1938 with. A total of six projects, which the British team won four project champion, Italy won the 1000 meters champion, Belgium was 1,500 meters champion.

1939 enacted the rules of figure skating, Since then, the roller skating rapid development in the countries of the world, and really took to the roads of the skating competition. In April 28th

1940 years formal recognition of the 43rd session of the International Olympic Committee meeting held in Rome, the International Federation of the skating. This decision, roller skating quickly spread from Europe to North America, South America, Africa, Oceania, all continents have also developed skating championships. After World War II, pause, resumed in 1947, the World Championships, by the pre-war session every three years to an annual session.

1947, held in Washington, the United States, the first world figure skating championships. U.S. Mogens by the male solo player championship; Switzerland Wei Heer or ladies singles champion; Belgium Cowlin/Li Mansi was dancing champion; the Germany's Garland Virgin/Ludwig was Pairs champion.

world figure skating championships from 1947, held every two years, is one year or three years sometimes held from time to time.

1952 years, held the first session of the World Roller Skating Championships, only the men's race, the same year the international skating federation officially changed its name to the International Roller Skating Federation (FIRS) today. Asia, Japan is also in the same year joined the organization, the Federation of International Roller in the first Asian Member States, when roller skating across the five continents. Around the world more than 60 countries and regions to join the association. From 1952 to 1957 German

swept the various champions of the previous World Championship moment dominate the the World rollerblade

sector. Beginning in 1968, the Americans, in double and dance projects, to break the monopoly of the German won the championship. In recent years, Italy's single skating and pairs very strong level of continuous male solo player championship. The United States, Germany, Italy, the figure skating world power, Spain, Argentina, Australia, good results. annual

1966 time world figure skating championships, held in 2002 at the 46th. Under the

Federation of International Roller figure skating, skating ball three committees and speed skating. The headquarters are located in the United States, the figure skating Committee in San Francisco, United States; the speed skating Committee in Italy Rome; Hockey Committee in Lisbon, Portugal.

1992 IOC decided to put the the skating ball movement team included in an official event in the Olympic Games.

1997 held in Prague, capital of Czechoslovakia, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) meeting, formally accepted by the International Roller Skating Federation (FIRS) to become a full member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). overview of the development

Asian Roller Skating

1978 set up jointly by Japan, India and South Korea, three international Asian Roller Skating Union. Later, China, Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, Macau, the Philippines, Thailand, Pakistan, Indonesia and other countries have membership. Asian Roller Skating Union is expanding rapidly.

1985 Asian Roller Skating Union first session of the Board held in Hong Kong, the Japanese Noguchi Ka Lang any President of the Union, China, Chinese Taipei and South Korea on behalf of the Vice-Chairmen. Decided at the meeting on October 18, 1985 -20 days in long berries neglect Valley City, organized the first Asian Roller Skating Championship. And decided to held biennially Asian Roller Skating Championship. Oct. 18 -20 years,

1985 the first session of the Asian Roller Skating Championships held in Okaya, Japan seven countries took part in this competition. Events speed skating and figure skating. Hockey Japan and India, the two teams performances. The gold within Fumiko by the Women's provisions graphic champion Chinese Taipei's Wang Shurong won the women's free skating champion and all-around champion. India Palie He won the men's provisions graphics, free skate, all-round three champions.

1987 Second Asian Roller Skating Championship held in South Korea, and increase the skating competitions ball, nine countries and regions to participate. Asian Roller Skating Championship held in Hangzhou, China on

1989 the Third 9 countries and regions participated in this competition, and invited Australia, New Zealand and other countries to participate in the performance.

1991 for the fourth Asian Roller Skating Championship held in Hong Kong and Macau.

1993 Fifth Asian Roller Skating Championship held in India, due to objective reasons, the tournament is not accomplishing. The Sixth Asian Roller Skating Championship in Japan

1995.

1997 of the Seventh Asian Roller Skating Championship held in Korea.

1999 the Eighth Asian Roller Skating Championships held in Shanghai, China.

2001 Ninth Asian Roller Skating Championship held in Taitung County, Taiwan. the

2003 10th Asian Roller Skating Championships will be held in Japan.

in the previous game, Japan, China, Chinese Taipei, better results. The Chinese team rollerblade

has won the gold medal in figure skating groups. roller skating in

the launching of the Asian countries and regions are leisure activities, less funding, less competition, popularization, the skating ball movement in Japan and Macau is better carried out by a number of other projects in Taiwan, Korea, Hong Kong, and China's major is carried out among students. So, there is a certain gap between the Asian Roller Skating compared to the world level. carried out late

the Chinese skating movement history

Roller Skating, roller skating was introduced to China in the 19th century. Was limited to individual cities along the coast, and only as entertainment. Appear until the early 1980s, China's only official game. In May 1982, the first time China held in Shanghai "the siskin Cup speed skating Invitational. The Global Cup rollerblading Invitational was held in Beijing in October First National Roller Skating Championship held at the Workers' Stadium in the capital in October 1983 on this basis. Events have two speed skating and figure skating.

China to participate in international competition since 1985. Changchun First Automobile Works speed skating team represented the country in the 16th men held in the United States, the women's 13th World Roller Speed ​​Skating Championships in August 1985. Harbin Institute of Physical Education skating team represented the country in the first Asian Roller Skating Championship held in Japan in October of the same year. Speed ​​skating, and Medium won the women's 300 meters fourth, Yan Tongdan, Choi Yong won the men's 5,000 meters, 10,000 meters sixth respectively. in Korea at the second Asian Championships in October,

1987 pattern athletes in China, Zhu Ye won the women's free skating silver medal, all-around silver medal. Zhu Wei won the men's free skating bronze medal, all-around bronze medal. The speed skating Jilin athlete Sun Min, Shanghai athletes quarter Fangfang, won the women's 3,000-meter silver and bronze medals respectively.

the Chinese skating athletes despite a late start, but is close to the Asian level. The Third Asian Roller Skating Championship held in Hangzhou, China, in October 1989. Won the women's 1500 meters silver medal in speed skating Jilin athletes Sun Min the Shanghai athlete Yang micro won the bronze medal in the women's 3,000 meters, the avant-garde athletes won the men's 300 meters bronze Chan Wai-kuen, Shanghai athlete leaves Kan Ji won the bronze medal in the men's 1,500 meters. Our players in the third Asian Roller Skating Championships Inline Speed ​​Skating achieved better results. Edit this paragraph the basic movements in

stand to wear roller skates and protective gear, and then stand up, stand, you can try to let the baby his arms held flat from the side of the body with shoulder-length, his left with withstood right foot inside, into T-shaped stand. This is the most basic skating posture, is also the first test of the baby guts. -Year-old baby, the day-to-day walking on them has been very easy, but wear roller skates to stand up, but the first time, because there are too many uncertainties there, the baby can not be sure that in the end there is no danger. coach

Reminder: Mom and Dad can be pulled from the front of the baby's hand to stand up, or let baby Rotary slip roller skating

the live objects standing. But it must not be from the baby behind holding him up, otherwise the baby would lean back, is not conducive to master action essentials.

stepping nowhere, side stepping, stepping forward such action. Before stepping forward, it is best to take a few minutes to warm up, for example, can do 15-situ high leg, stepping and stomping, mainly in order to enhance the baby's leg strength to prepare for the start taxiing.

then feet toe stepping forward, the focus moved to the left leg and right leg slightly raised, put down by the T word into. Then the focus moved to the right leg, left leg slightly raised, put down. Repeated practice, gradually speed up. coach

Reminder: Mom and Dad can tell the baby, he played "roly-poly", or so shifted forward. Meanwhile, knees bent, thighs close together slightly, as if the "eight" shaped hind legs must pay attention to the baby's kicking straight.

taxiing after stepping forward in practice for some time, you can start learning taxiing. This can not rush, best so baby stepping skilled. Some babies soon became proficient, some babies have to practice for hours. The sliding action essentials is

lunge, right foot, left foot in front sideways kicking out the upper body slightly inclined forward, and arms Stretch shoulder high, focus on the left foot. Then retracted into the left foot inside of his right foot, right foot forward, slide out, outside of the left foot backward kicking out at the same time the center of gravity is moving from left foot to right foot, the closing foot to right foot inside. [1] In addition, the like us driving test, bend taxi is also very important. Turn, pay attention to the center of gravity down and fall on one foot. The coach of

to remind: taxiing feet neat received kicking out short powerful, explosive strength. The children basic grasp of the glide, you can take part in some collective game to improve learning interest in skating, and remove things such as squatting, or distant put some toys in the baby's side behind the baby find toys, then squat down to pick up the toys and taxied to the front of the basket. There are open train, 老鹰捉小鸡 and other games are also very interesting.

stop taxiing, and sometimes the need for timely stop taxiing, so the children initially grasp the basic glide action at the same time, it is necessary to learn to stop sliding. Stop: the middle of the cutting method A word stop knife, T word stop knife, turn the emergency stop. The coach reminded: kids can use the middle section method, which is easily mastered a method, that is, feet parallel, launch brakes that kick forward, toes slightly up ground to the ground, so that the brake

can the brakes more firmly to the ground pressure, can be stopped sooner. Remember that the center of gravity must be lowered, maintained at the middle legs, can not be too pre-or Queen Mother. The cornering anxious rollerblade

skating stop need better balance, does not recommend children learn.

security falls security falls training impact in the fall to spread through the protective gear and body fall to keep the body fell forward, to avoid back Diezuo or a body part is completely withstand impact, such as the buttocks , chin, wrist, elbow, knee, etc., in order to reduce the extent of injury to a single site. coach

suggestions: leaning forward, knees kneel body to get on the ground, in order to protect the palm touchdown forward slide out, and let the body while stretching out, and then completely throwing himself to the ground, after a series of actions, falls the force of impact will be spread out completely, will not come to a single site under too much too heavy damage.

edit the desire of the people of this paragraph, major types of figure skating is a never-ending people a means to stimulate the pursuit of continually tricks Fan new. Skating is a recreational sports a flowing and jumping skills demonstrated in the United States, is the speed, the perfect combination of power and skill. Because of its inherent charm. Some exciting and full of roller skating "next of kin" are endless.

the roller

also called "roller skating, roller skating, from its name, we know it is the evolution from ice skating, the earliest is a way of training on land auxiliary. New York Roller Skating Association was established in the United States in 1866, the first roller sports organizations, and later initiated by France, the United States, Switzerland and Germany, was established in 1924, the Federation of International Roller. More than 60 countries and regions in the world have joined the Association.

skating in the history of our country did not last long, but the rapid development of a variety of skating venues everywhere. Because skating is by means of a semi-mechanical roller skates on the road to show their own physical movement and style, so popular with young people like. It requires not only have a good sense of balance, also asked the waist, abdomen, legs, arms, muscle strength and flexibility of various joints of the body, so it is a whole body movement.

equipment: Due to the development of modern science and technology, skating equipment has changed a lot, double row wheel and a single row of round. Meanwhile, all kinds of protective gear also makes the sport is very safe. Obtained by skating the excitement and thrill of high-speed motion enable people from the usual tension, the freed heavy study and work, to achieve the purpose of relaxation. skating

as a recreational sport, has developed a set of their unique technical skills and the field roller skates

to equipment, the use of the "U" type desk and street equipment can do a variety of thrilling, complex skill moves to attract more and more friends to participate. This is a newly popular skating recreational sports

helicopter skating, nervous excitement it has other skating items can not be compared to the principle and similar water-skiing, just a greater risk. It needs to be in a flat, wide asphalt pavement - best on the airport runway, slippery hands and feet wearing roller skates by helicopter with a rope pulling forward, with a maximum of up to 100 kilometers per hour. Fast on the road a tiny pebbles can enable riders to cause great harm, so participants must wear special protective clothing, wearing a hard hat. , Luke Le Lvwa, Switzerland is the world's first in the sport. The Highway of

downhill skate this skateboard Unlike ordinary skateboard length to be customized according to the height of the riders, skaters parallel taxiing lying on the skateboard. Few cars on the mountain venues, most choose some difference, asphalt road, the reaction of this skateboard skaters, body coordination, the psychological quality requirements are extremely high, especially downhill process turn processing, not just rely on skilled technology, but also the kind of people and vehicles one realm, because the road downhill skateboarding has reached 80 miles per hour. the

Skateboard is a combination of surfing and roller, the former by the geographical and climatic constraints, while the latter has a greater degree of self. In the late fifties, the residents of Southern California, invented the world's first skateboard: a 50 × 10 × 50cm wood fixed in skating iron wheels, such a simple instrument gave people brought and surfing feelings.

second generation of skateboarding was born in 1962, oak multilayer repression board, skating steering axles and plastic wheels composition. Compared with the first generation of skateboarding This skateboard undoubtedly technically a leap. However, this skateboard plastic wheel traction is too small, easily get out of the slide when cornering. At the same time, the wear resistance and stability is also very poor, so that the skaters are not free to control it.

1973 called Frank's skateboard enthusiasts polyurethane wheels mounted on a skateboard for the first time and made an unexpected effect. Not only wear this toughness wheels, skateboard safety and smooth sharp turn ground easily run over small obstacles. This is the third generation of skateboarding now mature, and the formation of their own technology, skills, language, dress, and even the style of music, etc., that is, we now see the skateboard.

This is a recent invention by the Japanese skateboard in front of the traditional single or double row skateboards, an increase of one hand on the bracket as a whole looks like a uppercase English letter "L" bracket slide. The hand bracket can be used-oriented, can alleviate the fatigue of the upper limb long glide. This skateboard strong stability, make it easier to master the balance, and the bracket can be folded, so many office workers in Japan have chosen it as a means of transport. One hand on the rack in the bustling crowd, working people, single-handedly carrying case, meandering snake into the crowd, with a unique chic and comfortable. Hold the the frame the skateboard interesting and practicality, it is bound to attract more people to join to the skating family.

Flatland skating, the Flatland skating (referred to as flat flowers)

1 definition: all kinds of wear roller skates to jump action without a fixed number of standard pile spacing between consecutive taxiing. race way of

2, flat flowers:

① speed of the game: the game the single provision glide technical movements over piles speed.

② freestyle: within the specified time, the soundtrack rhythm to do basic technical action on the basis of free play combination of the smooth glide.

Note: the two game way different judge rules (for judge rules will be released when appropriate rollerblade

).

3, flat flowers technical note:

the the ① basic technical action type 48 (there will also be innovative technical movements been included).

② space requirements: flat cement, asphalt and other ground can be carried out without excessive demands, and is very suitable for outdoor sports undertaken.

③ single line the biggest pile away from the venue about 40 meters in length, about two meters wide. The game is generally divided into three rows of piles, 20 piles per line, each line pile pile spacing of 0.5 m, 0.8 m, 1.2 m, posting over piles difficulty and techniques.

④ speed game players skilled, accurate and fast.

⑤ freestyle event requires players the basis of technical proficiency, acquire a certain amount of difficulty action; choreography, music and taxiing overall coordination and smooth. Contain technical difficulty, ornamental elements. of

4, Features:

Flatland skating most important feature is that the beginner entry easier jump action, so the risk of injury is very small, wide adaptability, men, women and children are convenient practice. Stringent requirements unlike the figure skating venue and rotation jumps difficult moves. The free play of the project, however, make it smooth soft round dance charm, has become the latest highlights of today's skating fashion, more and more people of all ages.

the project entry easier, but in order to grasp, must continue to practice, exchange, satisfied that the new, integrated to improve the quality, in order to become a certain degree of skaters. Therefore, the majority of fans are very attractive.

two Flatland skating Development of

1, foreign:

single skating originated in 1984 the United States, Europe and America developed a number of years before gradually introduced Asian. The flat flower development is also the same process. Projects in Europe and America, led by France, on behalf of the world's advanced level, world slalom race held on several occasions. Various regional events and exchange activities are very frequent. In Asia, South Korea, due to the introduction of the flat flowers project early and extremely enthusiastic, to some extent, represent a high level of Asia, but also continue to hold a variety of exchange programs and competitions. Played a more important role in the above areas carry out the project in order to promote flat flowers.

2, domestic:

single skating and skating equipment concept from Beijing in late 1993 began to gradually lead to the country, the formation of a wide range of sports groups. From the beginning of the summer of 2003 to more than a year, as the heart of Beijing, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Guangzhou, Tianjin, Xi'an, Wuhan and other cities, the spontaneous emergence of a flat flowers sports enthusiasts keen to respectively exchange over local small-scale competition, fond of some of the higher level, but overall is still at the primary level. Over the past year, the love the flat flowers movement of people continue to increase faster development. But now, the lack of a unified standard game Prospectus and events. After the regional skating session and some enthusiasts collection, it needs to do something organized and planned, in order to be included in this project to specification sports game. This will play a very important positive role in promoting roller sports in China and the spread and development. Will also play a role for the exchange of high level and the International Roller Skating.

edit this paragraph sports equipment skating SHOES itself: the shell of the roller skates can prevent external shocks, has a role to protect the foot. With generally more convenient to the body of the shoe buckles wearing; tying shoelaces will be more paste feet, but more troublesome to wear off. Generally better skates are straps plus a buckle design. General single skates have an inner boots can buffer the friction between foot and shoe shell to protect the feet, so that the skin is not easy to abrasions and blisters. Good body of the shoe should be strong enough, the sponge is thick enough, the density should be large enough.

chassis: the chassis is connected to the wheels and shoes shell structure, the tenacity of the chassis system, is a major factor in the decision skates life. Typically has a different type of design of the underframe, some thicker some thinner. Underframe typically mounted on four wheels, but there are also a small base chassis of the apparatus on three wheels, and can means the speed of the five wheels shoes. Aluminum alloy chassis, aluminum alloy chassis is more rigid, and not easily deformed, but the price is more expensive.

wheels: the wheels must be highly elastic round must not be plastic wheels. The best selection of polyester material, rubber tire, it was adapted to a variety of venues and status. Soft, flexible rubber tire is better, the hard plastic wheels, you can try to knock the ground to hear the sound to feel, you will find the sound of plastic wheels sharp, slippery. Some roller skates configuration hex wrench to tighten the wheel.

Size: In addition to pay attention to the quality of shoes, but also pay attention to the size of the foot. Experts suggest to buy usually wear size must pass through. Absolutely can not be too large, the top foot feel tight grip on it. General laces, calf and perpendicular to the ground, the forefront of the foot and shoe sets the distance is half thumb (hand) like so much, too much

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