Valenciennes (French: Valenciennes, Dutch: Valencijn Latin: Valentianae) is a French Nord city, it is located in the Scheldt River, location of latitude 50 ° 21'35 ", longitude 03 ° 31'33. " Valenciennes from 1975 to 1990 and its surrounding areas continue to reduce, and in recent years has been restored. Valenciennes population of 41,278 people in 1999, the population of the entire metropolitan area of 399,677 people.
Edit this paragraph history Langxie Na earliest at 693 Clovis II document. 9 century Li Nuoman human occupation of the local. The Frankish Empire 后瓦朗谢讷 development. A famine in 1008 led to the plague. with Hainaut duchy
15 century 里瓦朗谢讷 be allocated to Burgundy, the first duchy. 1524 - Holy Roman Emperor Charles V visits Valenciennes. Valenciennes wool and weaving industry makes it economically independent.
about 1560 Valenciennes became an early center of Calvinism. In 1562, first from the Netherlands against religious persecution. The rescue of a group of people were sentenced to the stake Protestants. Until 1580, Valenciennes is a stronghold of Calvinism. 1580 Alexander, Duke of Parma, Fani Si captured Valenciennes. Protestant locally eliminated. are classified according to of Nijmegen the article 约瓦朗谢讷 and surrounding Hainaut southern
1678 years to the French, the past Hainaut duchy is divided into two halves. Shortly thereafter the Vauban went to Valenciennes to reinforce France's northern border.
1793 Valenciennes in the Napoleonic wars siege.
edit this paragraph economic history Valenciennes known for its lace weaving industry. Until the 1970s, where the main industry is the steel-making and textile industries. Local mainly these two industries began to slump in the automobile manufacturing industry instead. In 2001, Toyota Motor Corp. opened its production line production Yaris in Europe. Through this and other conversion today the local unemployment rate is lower than the French average.
2003 December European alliance decided to set up its rail agencies in Valenciennes. the
edit this paragraph, public transport Langxie Na 1 tram began on July 3, 2006 run to the line a total length of 9.5 km, five communities across the entire metropolitan area, at a cost of 243 million euros.
Edit this paragraph the administrative Lang Xiene is a sub-prefect of the Nord. Edit
of this paragraph spots in World War II Valenciennes almost completely destroyed, all post-war reconstruction of Valenciennes cement structure.
the few surviving buildings:
the municipal government
Our Lady the Cathedral
Spanish House (La Maison Espagnole)
edit this paragraph celebrities born in Valenciennes century historian Jean Fu Hua Sa
British Wang Houhainate the Philippa
painter Jean - Antoine Watteau
, sculptor Jean - Baptiste · the Cal Poly
actor to Jean Lefeifoer
edit this paragraph friendly cities - Agrigento, Sicily, Italy ,
-Germany of Dylan
-in England wheat Dewei
-Russia the Moscow
-Hungary old Buda
Edit this paragraph Football Club Valentine Xie Ne Football Club (Valenciennes Football Club) is located in the north of northern France - Calais Valenciennes football club, founded in 1915, one of the French Football League teams. The home team, "Lennon Jiese stadium" (Stade Nungesser) can accommodate up to 11,300 people. Valenciennes team the emblem
team honors French Football League Championship:
1972 In 2006, a time
French Cup runner-up: 1951