2013年11月30日星期六

Management System Certification

through three years of practice, BSI, certification of quality assurance system to adapt to a wide range of flexibility to the international community to promote the value of. So, in 1979, a proposal submitted to the ISO. ISO according to the recommendations of the BSI was decided to set up on the basis of the quality assurance working group of ISO Certification Committee Committee for Quality Assurance. 1980, ISO formally approved the establishment of a quality assurance technical committee (TC176) to proceed with this work, which led to the birth of the aforementioned "ISO9000 family standards and improve the individual's quality system certification system, on the one hand, to expand the original quality certification body of business, on the other hand, led to the birth of a large number of new specialized quality system certification bodies.

This certification is developed by Western quality assurance activities. years

1959, the U.S. Department of Defense military enterprises subordinate to the Defense Supply Agency quality assurance requirements, the contractor should develop and maintain its business management procedures consistent with the effective and economical quality assurance system "," should contract requirements in all areas and processes (such as: design, development, manufacturing, processing, assembly, inspection, testing, maintenance, packing, storage and installation) the full quality assurance, and quality assurance system provides two unified mode: military standard MIL-Q-9858A "quality outline requirements and military standard MIL-I-45208 inspection system requirements." The Contractor shall be prepared according to the two modes "Quality Assurance Manual and effective implementation. Government control file gradually check to assess the implementation of the situation. This is actually the prototype of the second side of the modern quality system audit. This approach prompted the contractor to conduct a comprehensive quality management, and achieved great success. [1]

edit this paragraph certified Later, the experience of the United States military enterprises quickly by the military-industrial sector of other industrial countries adopted and gradually extended to civilian industry flourished in Western countries.

With the rapid development of the quality assurance activities, national certification bodies when making product quality certification, gradually increase the contents of the audit of the quality assurance system, to further promote the development of quality assurance activities. By the late 1970s, a British certification body BSI (British Standards Institution) first launched a separate quality assurance system certification business development to third-party certification by a second party audit of the quality assurance activities, was welcomed by all aspects of the more promote the rapid development of the quality assurance activities. [2]

edit this paragraph, the introduction of the certification system since the advent of the ISO 9000 series of standards in 1987, in order to enhance the quality of management, to meet the needs of quality competition, entrepreneurs have adopted the ISO 9000 series of standards to establish a quality management system within the enterprise application quality system certification, soon formed a worldwide trend. Worldwide have nearly 100 countries and regions are actively implement the ISO9000 international standard quality system about 40 authorized institutions, about 300 recognized quality system certification bodies, more than 20 million companies got the ISO9000 Quality System Certificate The first international multilateral recognition agreements and regional multilateral recognition agreements at January 22, 1998 and 1998, 24, was born in Guangzhou, China. set of international standards in

, in this short time, so many countries with such a broad impact, it never had in the history of international standardization, has been recognized the "ISO9000 phenomenon".

to adapt to the world trend of development of human society, the implementation of "sustainable development" strategy, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) was established in June 1993, a large technical committee - Environmental Management Standardization Technical Committee (TC207), in accordance with international standards of ISO9000 concepts and methods, and to begin to develop the international standard for environmental management system, and soon five belong to the environmental management system (EMS) and environmental audit (EA) was released on October 1, 1996, 1998 released an Environmental Management (EM) international standard. More than six standards are collectively referred to as the ISO14000 series of standards. They are:

ISO14001: 1996 Environmental Management System Specification with guidance for use;

ISO14004: 1996 Environmental Management System principles, systems and support technical guide;

ISO14010: 1996 environmental audit system universal principle;

ISO14011: 1996 environmental audit system audit program environmental management system audit;

ISO14012: 1996 environmental audit system environment auditor qualification requirements;

ISO14050: 1998 environmental management terminology.

Since then, the world and the rise of a "ISO14000 heat. the development of the world economy and trade activities

editing in this paragraph countries, prompting business activities, products or services involved in occupational health and safety issues of universal concern, greatly promoted the development of standardized international occupational safety and health management system. In September 1996, Britain enacted the first the BS8800 "Occupational Safety and Health Management System Guide" standard. Subsequently, more than 20 countries, including the United States, Australia, Japan, Norway appropriate occupational safety and health management system standard developed very rapidly. To this end, the British Standards Institution (BSI), Det Norske Veritas (DNV), 13 organizations in 1999 to develop the Occupational Safety and Health (Occupational Health and Safety the Manage-ment Systems-Specification OHSAS) evaluation of series of standards OHSAS18001 "occupational safety and health management systems - Specification and OHSAS18002" occupational safety and health management system-OHSAS18001 Implementation Guide. International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has repeatedly proposed the formulation of relevant international standards. Many countries have OHSAS18001 standard implementation of the standards of occupational safety and health management system, as a business and become a hot after following the implementation of the ISO9000, ISO14001 international standard.

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