Olympic etiquette formulation is still relatively small. But the reality is that a lot of the game because the audience do not understand ceremony even rude, not only have a negative impact on the court, affecting the normal conduct of the game, and even the loss of the country's image. The looks are a small thing, but because the stadium is often the focus of attention of the national media, some of the so-called "section" problem, not only on behalf of you personally, but also on behalf of a group, a city, as well as the image of a country. So, from this perspective, compliance arena etiquette civilized audience, is necessary.
Olympic opening ceremony opening ceremony
Olympics (Opening Ceremony) has always been the main event of the Olympic Games. The opening ceremony to reflect the purpose of the Olympic spirit of peace, solidarity, friendship, have to show the level of the national culture of the host country, local customs and organization, but also expressed a warm welcome to guests from various countries of the world. The opening ceremony, in addition to a series of basic ceremony, generally have a wonderful rich ethnic characteristics of group calisthenics and literary or military sports performances.
opening ceremony following the ceremony: the chairman of the organizing committee of the Olympic Games announced the beginning of the opening ceremony. President of the International Olympic Committee and Chairman of the Organizing Committee for the Games in the stadium entrance to meet the Head of State of the host country, and guide him to the 'table. The delegations parade in alphabetical order by the host country language. Admission, the exception of Greece and the host delegation, the Greek delegation first admission, the host last.
Chairman of the Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad speech, an address by the President of the International Olympic Committee. Head of State of the host country announced the opening of the Olympic Games. Played the the Olympic hymn "Olympic flag to the level expanded form into the sports venue, and from the stadium flagpole rising from.
Olympic torch relay ran into the stadium, the last one relay athletes along the runway circling a week after the lighting of the Olympic flame, and then release the birds. The delegations flag around the podium rostrum form a semicircle, the host country of an athlete. His left hand corner of the Olympic flag, lifting his right hand, and took the following oath: "I on behalf of all the athletes, the guarantee for the glory of sport and the honor of our sports teams, the moral spirit of a true sports to participate in the current Olympic Games, respecting and comply guidance of the rules of the Games. "
followed, the host country of a referee to the rostrum, in the same way took the following oath:" I on behalf of all the judges and officials, to ensure that the true spirit of sports ethics, completely open to perform the duties of the current Olympic Games, and to respect and comply with the guidance of the rules of the Games. "
then playing or singing of the national anthem of the host country delegations withdrew. After the end of these rituals, the group calisthenics or other cultural performances. This is the largest of the Olympic Games opening ceremony of the workload, the longest to prepare, to spend up to the project, the host often one or two years in advance that is ready to start, and rack their brains to attract guests Hui momentum, a unique national spirit. The opening ceremony of the success or failure depends largely on the effect of group calisthenics and performances.
arena etiquette requires the formulation of
about stadium etiquette is still relatively small. But the reality is that a lot of the game because the audience do not understand ceremony even rude, not only have a negative impact on the court, affecting the normal conduct of the game, and even the loss of the country's image. The looks are a small thing, but because the stadium is often the focus of attention of the national media, some of the so-called "section" problem, not only on behalf of you personally, but also on behalf of a group, a city, as well as the image of a country. So, from this perspective, compliance arena etiquette civilized audience, is necessary. the
1, approach and exit
of watching sports in the gym or stadium, to comply with public morality, and consciously safeguard order.
watching sports, should arrive punctually, so as not to disturb the others seated. Admission, pigeon-holing. Do not let bad their seats, and account for someone else's seat.
If you want to quickly exit after the game you have an appointment or something, you should be a few minutes before the whistle quietly away, do not wait for the finish, the chaos in the crowd wearing mob.
finish, a step-by-step to follow the crowd toward the door. Squeeze, push, may who can not get out, even dangerous. In case of siege pushed the audience to remember that "amble to the nearest exit and along the flow forward, Never Luanzuan.
watching sports, to pay attention to his demeanor. Your demeanor is not only a problem of personal conservation, and also related to the social atmosphere. Exciting sporting events exciting, cheering and shouting is a very natural thing. Can you party like a good thing, but it should not insult the other party. If it is a wonderful scene, whether it is the home team or the visiting team should be applauded refueling, showed fair and friendly.
booing in the game, barking, throwing things to the floor, drum down palm the the booed behavior is contrary to the spirit of sport, it is uneducated performance. Critical juncture in the game, try not to because of the heat of the moment jumped up, blocking the audience at the back. You know, the more critical moment, the mood is more like everyone.
generally not allowed to smoke in the stadium. I could not resist, can go to the lounge where smoking is permitted to smoke. If you like to eat snacks, remember not littering the benches. Snacks can produce larger noise is better not to eat, because of the loud noise will affect the other side the audience's emotions.
watch the game, do not go with too young children. Children are often the only heat for three minutes, and soon the game are not interested in, and then run back and forth and even crying. In this case, it is affecting you around the audience.
watch wearing sports competitions, with the climate, workplace and personal hobbies. But also pay attention to the etiquette of public places. Even reheat, not wearing a vest, not to watch the game Guangzhuobangzi, so little decency.
referee in the game if they feel there is a problem, according to the program to the staff. Abuse, booing and even besieged the referee should not.
3, we introduce some special etiquette required First, look at the game scenes figure skating.
game camera, you must turn off the flash. The figure skating competition, the athletes often do some difficult movements, such as throwing and catching Pairs action if the players are doing Difficulty Action Akira stands flash eye, it is very possible danger.
skating practices and customs of the movement, throwing the plush toys and other gifts, and flowers and gifts and flowers must use transparent wrapping paper tightly petals and tiny plush scattered on the ice, do not get timely slide the clean-up, the player's skates out above, it is very easy to danger. The plush toys are often the gift of choice.
applause and cheers to choose the right time. When players gracefully opening posture ready to start performing, the audience should be quiet, so that players into the game, when the audience can give players completed the difficult moves applause and cheers. Skater highest honor, after the end of the program, the audience stood and applauded.
see a tennis match.
tennis stadium requirements quiet audience order. Into the tennis arena, we must first turn off the phone ringer tune into shock, do not make much noise during the game, the cameras do not use flash.
even if the players of the game play is another wonderful, the audience can not be free to applaud at any time, we have to wait a ball dead ball applause or cheers, the applause of the time should be in moderation, because the players ready to serve when the scene to keep quiet site delays can not quiet down, the players would not have to serve or to protest to the referee.
tennis match process, the audience can not arbitrarily move around, go to the bathroom or to buy the water, the best players for 90 seconds of rest when walking around in the back seat of a ball to become dead ball.
if the players hit the ball to the audience when the audience should the ball go back. Otherwise, if it is not to the time for the ball, the game will be interrupted until the audience returned the ball, or wait until the time for the ball.
tennis game ball to the ball in a game for the number of provisions, generally singular Bureau for the ball different race for the ball Bureau there are subtle differences. The high level of competition, the elasticity of each ball, and and ground friction lint-free are different weight and bounce height in the master's eyes is different, so the game players will be in strict accordance with the provisions of the game for the ball halfway generally reluctant to change the ball.
see a golf tournament.
golf is known as the noble sport, not only the participating players wear professional clothing, clothing restrictions for viewers to watch at the scene. Abroad, the high level of the game of golf is an unwritten rule, is to get to the golf course to prevent wear jeans. In addition, in order to protect the lawn, non-audience wearing high heels into the Stadium. can not enter the contestants
watch golf game fairway general race organizers will the audience area and race separate, if there is no clear sign of distinction, the audience do not come to the fairway. Some scanty golf audience in the approach to watch the game, often to do some of the effects of the behavior of the contestants.
such as audible or applaud when the players putt. Golf is a relatively "quiet" campaign, players ready to putt and putt process is to absolutely keep quiet. So, the audience should turn off the phone, or tune into the vibration ringer not at liberty to applaud. In order to keep quiet, the game requires the audience in addition to not using the flash, the camera shutter can not sound.
any case, non-touch, mobile players golf.
see ping, Yu game.
athletes in the game, especially serve when the audience can not use the flash for athletes to take pictures, either serving side or receiving side will be greatly affected, especially docking players.
athletes when ready to serve, the entire stadium should keep quiet, cheer and applause of the audience should be in the dead ball after a ball. Athletes during the competitions, the audience not to walk around best walking a break in the game.
watch badminton game with a game of table tennis is almost the same, the only difference is due to the the badminton venue relatively large, for the audience to move around the requirements can be a little relaxed but not too often.
see fencing competitions.
fencing is a gentleman, a noble sport. Watching fencing competitions, you should pay attention to two aspects of the problem.
the First Contestants of the audience to keep quiet. In the process of fencing competitions, the athletes always selected according to the characteristics of the other side of the sword, offensive manner, when the audience should not be issued to cheer for the athletes to think better and make moves.
referee password, the audience can not cheer or applaud, in order to more clearly hear athletes referee issued a number of password. After the referee announced the start of the race, the audience to keep quiet, and other lights, clapping or cheering.
etiquette and manners from a regulatory role, it is emphasized in social situations to be material through appropriate access polite attitude and decent behavior manners to express respect and respect for others.
etiquette and courtesy of the two are not equal. Such a personage can say etiquette, but he may have overlooked the polite. Please VIP sitting in his right hand, which is a kind of etiquette, but the talk time and often their own meals tool tip point other guests impolite (rude behavior).
etiquette is a concrete manifestation of politeness.
courtesy is the sum of the liturgical forms and etiquette practices. the
etiquette, manners and politeness is an inherent part of the social life, with the progress of civilization Xiangfuerxing.
punctuality is the least communicative activities and more importantly a courtesy. External activities, stronger concept of time, could not be late or leave early. Met, called on friends and relatives should make an appointment, you can not rush to visit (first knock on the door, can outside the door to talk about not enter, can stand to talk about is not seated as quickly as possible to talk about not delay).
as host, to advance the scene. Shuttle as foreign guests, held a banquet, meetings and talks, and must make all the preparations prior to the arrival of foreign guests. Suitable location at the appropriate time, the shuttle guests.
participate in the activities to be held by the foreign guests, should arrive at the agreed time. Arrive prematurely to make the other not ready sense of embarrassment; delays not let the other party and other guests waiting, rude behavior; late or leave early for any reason, should the owner explain why and apologize.
diplomatic one country that another country's freedom of speech, behavior, and measures to harm national interests and dissatisfaction, both through diplomatic channels expressed opposing views, orally or in writing to the other party. Depending on the degree of seriousness of the situation, the protest can be divided into protest strongly protest most strongly protest. Activities among the general inconvenience in public representations and entanglement withdraws compared with protest approach. West held a grand, grand reception or banquet
generally arrange to roll call in the roll-call of the entrance of the hall (sing celebrity guests name or guests on Cambodia held another hall in exchange name cards).
into the interior to take off their hats, the Abstract sunglasses, gloves and wide coat or windbreaker (Men should assist Ms. undress).
former seat at the same table diners shook hands or nod (the elderly or Ms. holing do not have to get up it in return).
general seat and the left seat and left their seats.
attention to the care of sitting next to Ms. seated (except their spouse, men should also care Ms. seated right next to him).
sat should suit buttoned unlock, get up, buckle up.
master may be wider initiative coat, but Ms. bogey among trip undress.
not familiar with Western food ordering and dining should imitate others.
play the national anthem, to stop talking, got up and stood at attention (stop walking on the podium were also stagnant, still facing the audience). respondents
: extraordinary Xiaofan - Tong Sang a 1-23 20:54
, the origin of the Olympic Games
1 Olympic Games source at the ancient Greeks believe in polytheism, religion, they worship the gods of humane further Ellis was the political and religious center - Olympia, the construction of a "coke Secretary Shrine and held every four years ritual activities, in conjunction with the Games and Cultural activities.
ancient Greek messenger documented, there is the Olympic Games in 776 AD, these four activities called olympiad. Games Features: One is to promote Greek polis unity, to ensure athlete safety during this period is the period of the truce. Second, wearing an olive wreath by the Special Envoy to everywhere announced last January-March truce, and took the opportunity to invite the audience to participate.
the ancient Olympic Games, the period should be set in the July-August, five days each, respectively, to implement the following activities: namely, before the swearing-in ceremony by the referee, athletes concentrate gods; heralds trumpets Jinyuan, racing, wrestling, boxing, ritual ceremony, speeches, reciting, Tour, meet friends, chariot racing, horse racing, pentathlon mark of mourning will winners procession, the festivities, winners accept Laureate activities.
ancient Olympic Games, is to cultivate a spirit of solidarity, martial arts performances, as well as culture, ritual, form an alliance, to discuss the treaty, the exhibition of works of art, poetry read poems, philosophy will be published, and selling goods large collection of activities, so that the people bathed in culture torrent, resulting in the glorious period of the Greek culture. OF
2, Olympic Games
modern Olympic Games, the French Baron Gu Boding published its plan in 1892, that the revival of the ancient Olympic Games to contribute to world peace, and through in 1894 after the first session of the International Athletic Association Conference and the first session of the Games held in Athens, Greece in 1896, has nearly one hundred years old, were held before and after the 24th. 1916 Sixth in Berlin; 12th, 1940 in Tokyo; 13th 1944 in Rome, were held for the first time, World War II stopped, since the actual organizing 21 session of times. the
two tips about the modern Olympic Games
1 the Fifth Ring the flag
pentacyclic the five colors: blue, yellow, black, green, red representing the five continents, five colors plus six background white color is include the world flag colors, can be said to be truly international flag. It is the International Olympic Committee in 1914 when the 20th anniversary celebration, mentioned by the founder of Gu Boding jazz, started seventh Olympic Games in 1920. three motto is French missionary any An Lide Dayton, a high school principal, encouraged rugby player, using
2, Olympic motto
"faster-higher-stronger" ("faster, higher, stronger") is also in 1920 seventh Olympic Games. the
3, the oath
sworn activities inherited from the customs of the ancient Olympic seventh Olympic Games in 1920, and has become one of the opening ceremony. Oath by the host country of an athlete and a referee. Olympic history an oath for Belgian fencer Bonn. the
4, will be songs
1896 the first session of the opening of the Olympic Games, he played a beautiful classical music, then known as the Olympic hymn. Meeting of the International Olympic Committee in 1958 ratified by the permanent theme song.
5, why the quadrennial
ancient Greece to a period of 8 years, 8 years, the festival is a festival, but then experts believe that the need for more in line with people's life cycle, shortened to four years. Expert studies suggest that the four-year buffer period between people can be temporary conflict, substandard and other phenomena can be resolved. in
6, the flame of the torch
far in the era of the ancient Olympics will have a midterm the Games, a symbol of the Guangming peace torch on the altar kept burning, and in any case it does not extinguish. The modern Olympic Games held in Berlin in 1936, at a cost of $ 30,000 the first torch relay, then preparatory the Olympic Stadium ruins from the Greek, the use of a concave lens, set to take solar heat to ignite the torch Shuttle passed by the athletes at the opening into the venue the way from the torch relay as each Olympic indispensable one. the
7, heads of state show
the auspices of the Olympic Games opening ceremony by the king or head of state, from the 1896 Greek Olympic Games, from the Greek King George announced the start of the game, this custom is also followed in the presence of each Olympic opening ceremony. To gradually built after the 1906 formation of the provisions included in the regulations, the heads of state speech more certain format, and can only say: "I declare the XX Session of the modern Olympic Games, held in a certain opening" word only, can not be arbitrarily added growth Less.
8, the Olympic spirit
"Olympic Charter" pointed out that the Olympic spirit (Olympic spirit) is the mutual understanding, friendship, solidarity and the spirit of fair competition. Has a very important role in guiding the Olympic spirit and the Olympic movement.
First of all, the Olympic spirit and emphasis on tolerance and understanding of cultural differences. The Olympic Movement is an international movement, it inevitably faces the world intercultural differences and the resulting problems. National athletes, coaches, sports officials, as well as the audience gave birth to a different color, wearing different clothes, speaking a different language, have different lifestyles, different religious ceremonies, and express their own likes and different behavior angry dirge. These racial and cultural differences, often due to conflicts among countries in the political system, economic system and ideology and strengthened. A certain sense, the quadrennial Olympic sports culture in the world is concentrated in a narrow range of space and time, so the differences between different cultures is particularly noticeable. The difference is the contradiction, the contradiction may lead to conflict.
Olympic spirit emphasizes mutual understanding, friendship and solidarity, is to form a spiritual atmosphere. In this atmosphere, the people can get rid of the prejudices of their own culture, see different cultures show is not a contradiction and conflict, but the flourishing of human society, the the Zi million state cultural landscape, so that cultural differences become promoting the exchange of people motivation, rather than their closed barriers; contradiction learn from each other's power, rather than the incentives of mutual contempt. Only in such an atmosphere, the people in order to break their own narrow horizons to the broadmindedness of citizens of the world, to get to know and understand things outside their own nation, realized that the various ethnic groups have the magic of imagination and great creativity, learn to respect other people, more objective and fair attitude to look at others and themselves humbly learn from excellent ingredients of other cultures, to enrich themselves, so that the Olympic movement to promote international exchange is really to be achieved.
Secondly, the Olympic spirit and stressed the fairness and impartiality of the competitive sport. The Olympic movement to its main competitive sport activities, the most essential features of competitive sports is competition and confrontation. In of direct vigorous physical confrontation and competition, the athlete's physical, mental, and moral get a good workout and culture, entertainment and subtle sensory education audience. However, the basic premise of competitive sports, education, and cultural entertainment is fair competition. Only makes sense to compete on the basis of fair competition, the athletes from various countries in order to maintain and strengthen the relations of solidarity, friendship, and in order to achieve its sacred goal of the Olympic Movement.
three China and Olympics
1, the Qing Dynasty Emperor Guangxu: the Olympics pass
the Qing dynasty 21 years (1895), the promoters of the modern Olympic Games, Pierre de Coubertin wrote to the Qing government, invited China to participate will be held in Athens, Greece The first session (1896), the modern Olympic Games. China first to the Olympics invitation Qing Dynasty Emperor Guangxu after the Empress Dowager Cixi and his staff do not know the meaning of the word "athletics" failed to send teams to participate.
2, the earliest contact
earliest contact of China and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in China and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) began in the Far East during the Games. Far Eastern Games, formerly known as the Far Eastern Olympic Games ". September 1911, co-sponsored by the Philippines, China, Japan, the establishment of the Far Eastern Amateur Athletic Association, referred to as the "Far East SF. The Association decided to once every two years, alternately held in major cities in the Far East, the Far Eastern Olympic Games ". Brown to the International Olympic Committee, the main sponsor of the Far East Games. Active in organizing and participating in the Far Eastern Games, which happened the first contact and the International Olympic Committee, the International Olympic Committee has formally notified China ready to participate in the Olympic Games and the International Olympic Committee meeting will be held in 1916, but because for the first time World War broke out and failed to achieve. In 1920, the International Olympic Committee call the Far East Games organizing committee, acknowledged the Games of the Far East and the Far East in the SF. Far East Body Association became the world's first contact with the IOC regional international sports organizations. 5th Far Eastern Games held in Shanghai in 1921, the International Olympic Committee selected Japanese member of Ghana Goro is attended by representatives of a statement. Since China began to occur and the International Olympic Committee the historic initial contact. the
3, Chinese and International Olympic Committee's direct contact
1922 elections sports community famous leaders of the International Olympic Committee, the promoters of the Far East in the SF, previous patron of the Far Eastern Games 2,5,8 Far East Games will long Zhengting a member of the International Olympic Committee, was first elected as a member of the International Olympic Committee of the Chinese people, the Chinese people for the first time with the International Olympic Committee "intimate contact." This point, and the International Olympic Committee established a direct link to this important milestone for the mutual recognition and acceptance of China and the Olympic Movement.
4, China officially joined the Olympic family In August
1924, national sports organizations - the composition of all the Chinese people and China National Sports Association for the Advancement was established in Shanghai, Zhang Boling any honorary president, Zhengting as honorary vice president, Shen Si-liang Honorary Director-General. China National Sports Association for the Advancement not only took over the previously sponsored by YMCA expatriates, various sports activities, and also organize various partitions game, individual events, sports training courses, but also across the country have continued to establish SF club organization.
1927 years later, the Chinese National Sports Association for the Advancement successively joined eight track and field, swimming, gymnastics, tennis, weightlifting, boxing, football, basketball, International Sports Federations and other international sports organizations.
1931 IOC officially recognized China National Sports Association for the Advancement of the Chinese Olympic Committee. The ancient oriental country officially became a member of the Olympic family. Since then, China and the International Olympic Committee to have a close relationship.